Juan Manuel García-Ruíz

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The effect of moult on eggshell mechanical properties, on composition and concentrations of organic matrix components and on eggshell microstructure was investigated. The observed changes were studied to understand the role of organic matrix and eggshell microstructure in eggshell strength. Moult was induced by zinc oxide (20 g zinc/kg diet) in 53 ISA Brown(More)
The eggshell is an highly ordered structure deposited in the distal oviduct and composed of calcium carbonate and an organic matrix which is believed to influence its fabric. We have identified ovotransferrin as an 80 kDa matrix protein observed at high concentration in the uterine fluid at the initial stage of shell mineralization, by N-terminal sequencing(More)
We have synthesized inorganic micron-sized filaments, whose microstucture consists of silica-coated nanometer-sized carbonate crystals, arranged with strong orientational order. They exhibit noncrystallographic, curved, helical morphologies, reminiscent of biological forms. The filaments are similar to supposed cyanobacterial microfossils from the(More)
The avian eggshell is a composite biomaterial composed of non-calcifying eggshell membranes and the overlying calcified shell matrix. The calcified shell forms in a uterine fluid where the concentration of different protein species varies between the initial, rapid calcification and terminal phases of eggshell deposition. The role of these avian eggshell(More)
The eggshell of the hen is a highly ordered and mineralised structure, which is sequentially deposited within an acellular milieu – the uterine fluid secreted by the distal oviduct. Spherulitic crystal growth of calcite is initiated on organic aggregates on surface of the eggshell membranes, followed by competition between radial crystallites for space to(More)
1. The eggshell is a bioceramic material constructed of columnar calcite crystals preferentially oriented with their c-axis perpendicular to the shell surface. 2. The influence of microstructure (crystal size, shape and crystallographic orientation of crystal grains) on the mechanical properties of eggshells (shell strength) was investigated using eggs from(More)
Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the interactions between proteins and mineral surfaces, among them a combination of electrostatic, stereochemical interactions and molecular recognition between the protein and the crystal surface. To identify the mechanisms of interaction in the lysozyme– calcium carbonate model system, the effect of this(More)
Mexicain is a 23.8 kDa cysteine protease from the tropical plant Jacaratia mexicana. It is isolated as the most abundant product after cation-exchange chromatography of the mix of proteases extracted from the latex of the fruit. The purified enzyme inhibited with E-64 [N-(3-carboxyoxirane-2-carbonyl)-leucyl-amino(4-guanido)butane] was crystallized by(More)
The crystallization of a given protein is a hard task being even more complicated when the protein shows a hydrophobic behavior. In the case of photosynthetic proteins, the difficulty of the experiments increased due to the high light sensitivity. Aqueous solutions of photosystem II core complex (OEC PSII) of Pisum sativum were screened for crystallization(More)
Counterdiffusion crystallization in capillary is a very simple, cost-effective, and practical procedure for obtaining protein crystals suitable for X-ray data analysis. Its principles have been derived using well-known concepts coupling the ideas of precipitation and diffusion mass transport in a restricted geometry. The counterdiffusion process has been(More)