Juan Manuel Castellano

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The gonadotropic axis is centrally controlled by a complex regulatory network of excitatory and inhibitory signals that is activated at puberty. Recently, loss of function mutations of the gene encoding G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), the putative receptor for the KiSS-1-derived peptide metastin, have been associated with lack of puberty onset and(More)
Activation of the gonadotropic axis critically depends on sufficient body energy stores, and conditions of negative energy balance result in lack of puberty onset and reproductive failure. Recently, KiSS-1 gene-derived kisspeptin, signaling through the G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), has been proven as a pivotal regulator in the control of(More)
The awakening of the gonadotrophic axis at puberty is the end-point of a complex cascade of sex developmental events that leads to the attainment of reproductive capacity. Recently, loss-of-function mutations of the gene encoding GPR54, the putative receptor for the KiSS-1-derived peptide metastin, have been linked to hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, both in(More)
Loss-of-function mutations of the gene encoding GPR54, the putative receptor for the KiSS-1-derived peptide metastin, have been recently associated with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, in both rodents and humans. Yet the actual role of the KiSS-1/GPR54 system in the neuroendocrine control of gonadotropin secretion remains largely unexplored. To initiate such(More)
KiSS-1 was originally identified as a metastasis suppressor gene encoding an array of structurally related peptides, namely kisspeptins, which acting through the G protein-coupled receptor GPR54 are able to inhibit tumor progression. Unexpectedly, a reproductive facet of this newly discovered system has recently arisen, and characterization of the role of(More)
A reproductive facet of ghrelin, a stomach-derived orexigenic peptide involved in energy homeostasis, has been recently suggested, and predominantly inhibitory effects of ghrelin upon luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion have been demonstrated in rat models. Yet, the modulatory actions of ghrelin on the gonadotropic axis remain scarcely evaluated. We report(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine kinase that operates as sensor of cellular energy status and effector for its coupling to cell growth and proliferation. At the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus, mTOR signaling has been recently proposed as transducer for leptin effects on energy homeostasis and food intake. However, whether central(More)
Kisspeptins, the products of KiSS-1 gene, and their receptor, GPR54, have recently emerged as essential gatekeepers of reproduction, mainly through regulation of GnRH secretion at the hypothalamus. However, the profound hypogonadotropism linked to GPR54 inactivation is likely to mask additional functions of this system at other levels of the gonadal axis,(More)
Kisspeptins, products of the KiSS-1 gene with ability to bind G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), have been recently identified as major gatekeepers of reproductive function with ability to potently activate the GnRH/LH axis. Yet, despite the diversity of functional states of the female gonadotropic axis, pharmacological characterization of this effect(More)
The timing of puberty is controlled by many genes. The elements coordinating this process have not, however, been identified. Here we show that an epigenetic mechanism of transcriptional repression times the initiation of female puberty in rats. We identify silencers of the Polycomb group (PcG) as principal contributors to this mechanism and show that PcG(More)