Juan M. Valdivia

Learn More
Previously, based on high ALDH activity, we showed that cancer stem cells (CSCs) could be identified as ALDH(br) cells from an aggressive human osteosarcoma OS99-1 cell line. In this study, we evaluate the impact of BMP-2 on CSCs.Three types of BMP receptors were expressed in freshly sorted ALDH(br) cells. In vitro, growth of the sorted ALDH(br) cells was(More)
The goal of this study was to review the literature to compare strategies for avoiding and treating complications from anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), and thus provide a comprehensive aid for spine surgeons. A thorough review of databases from the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health was conducted. The complications(More)
There is currently no reproducible animal model of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) spinal metastasis that allows for laboratory study of the human disease. In this report, we describe an animal model that reliably reproduces RCC spinal metastasis using a human tumor cell line. A posterior surgical approach was used to implant tumor cells into the lamina of(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT As research increasingly challenges the diagnostic accuracy of advanced imaging for lumbar spinal stenosis, the impression gleaned from the office evaluation becomes more important. Neurogenic claudication is a hallmark of lumbar spinal stenosis, but the reliability of clinical impression of claudication has not been studied. PURPOSE To(More)
The overwhelming majority of pineal region tumors are malignant germ cell tumors, pineal cell tumors, or glial tumors. To our knowledge we report the first patient with myeloid sarcoma in the pineal region. Myeloid sarcomas are composed of immature granulocytic precursor cells and are associated with acute myelogenous leukemia. Thus, myeloid sarcoma should(More)
BACKGROUND Correction of a focal kyphotic deformity at times requires performing a pedicle subtraction osteotomy, which is accompanied by loss of pedicles as anchor points at the affected level in addition to significant blood loss. To help alleviate these two issues, a novel osteotomy technique for correction of kyphosis using a transforaminal approach to(More)
  • 1