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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi-independent, unconventional secretion of Acb1 requires many different proteins. They include proteins necessary for the formation of autophagosomes, proteins necessary for the fusion of membranes with the endosomes, proteins of the multivesicular body pathway, and the cell surface target membrane SNARE Sso1, thereby(More)
Ethanol induces severe alterations in membrane trafficking in hepatocytes and astrocytes, the molecular basis of which is unclear. One of the main candidates is the cytoskeleton and the molecular components that regulate its organization and dynamics. Here, we examine the effect of chronic exposure to ethanol on the organization and dynamics of actin and(More)
Starving Dictyostelium discoideum cells secrete AcbA, an acyl coenzyme A-binding protein (ACBP) that lacks a conventional signal sequence for entering the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Secretion of AcbA in D. discoideum requires the Golgi-associated protein GRASP. In this study, we report that starvation-induced secretion of Acb1, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Actin is involved in the organization of the Golgi complex and Golgi-to-ER protein transport in mammalian cells. Little, however, is known about the regulation of the Golgi-associated actin cytoskeleton. We provide evidence that Cdc42, a small GTPase that regulates actin dynamics, controls Golgi-to-ER protein transport. We located GFP-Cdc42 in the lateral(More)
Knockdown of the actin-severing protein actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin inhibited export of an exogenously expressed soluble secretory protein from Golgi membranes in Drosophila melanogaster and mammalian tissue culture cells. A stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture mass spectrometry-based protein profiling revealed that a large(More)
We have previously reported that actin filaments are involved in protein transport from the Golgi complex to the endoplasmic reticulum. Here we examined whether myosin motors or actin comets mediate this transport. To address this issue we have used, on one hand, a combination of specific inhibitors such as BDM (2,3-butanedione monoxime) and ML7(More)
Upon starvation, Grh1, a peripheral membrane protein located at endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites and early Golgi in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under growth conditions, relocates to a compartment called compartment for unconventional protein secretion (CUPS). Here we report that CUPS lack Golgi enzymes, but contain the coat protein complex II (COPII)(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Experimental and clinical studies suggest that necrotic myocardium may have the capacity to regenerate. We have started a clinical study to demonstrate that the intracoronary implantation of stem cells is feasible and safe. The results in our first 5 patients are presented here. PATIENTS AND METHOD We included patients with(More)
The kidney synthesizes L-carnitine and reabsorbs it via the Na(+)/L-carnitine cotransporter OCTN2. This study investigates the ontogeny of OCTN2, gamma-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (TMABA-DH) and gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase (BBH) in rat kidneys. Foetuses, newborn, suckling, weaning and adult rats were used. The apical membranes of foetal(More)
Golgi-specific sialyltransferase (ST) expressed as a chimera with the rapamycin-binding domain of mTOR, FRB, relocates to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in cells exposed to rapamycin that also express invariant chain (Ii)-FKBP in the ER. This result has been taken to indicate that Golgi-resident enzymes cycle to the ER constitutively. We show that ST-FRB is(More)