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OBJECTIVE To analyze the risk factors of pediatric off-label drug use, and propose management strategies for policy making of the pediatric off-label drug use in China. METHODS (i) We applied stratified random sampling to select recipes of children aged 0 to 18 years in pediatric clinics and wards of the West China Second University Hospital in 2010. (ii)(More)
This study was designed to examine the interaction of an anthracycline disaccharide, 4'-O-(beta-L-oleandrosyl) daunorubicin (DNR-D2), with calf thymus deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) by UV-vis in combination with fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular modeling techniques under physiological conditions (Britton-Robinson buffer solutions, pH 7.4). By the(More)
This study was designed to examine the interaction of 4′-O-(a-L-Cladinosyl) daunorubicin (DNR–D5), a disaccharide anthracycline with calf thymus deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) by UV/Vis in combination with fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular modeling techniques under physiological conditions (Britton–Robinson buffer solutions, pH = 7.4). By the analysis(More)
The molecular mechanism of the binding of norfloxacin (NRF) to trypsin was investigated by fluorescence, synchronous fluorescence and UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy and molecular modeling at physiological conditions. The quenching mechanism and the binding mode were investigated in terms of the association constants and basic thermodynamic parameters. The(More)
BACKGROUND CXCR1 and CXCR2, cell surface receptors of interleukin-8, regulate cell migration and alteration of their expression has been associated with poor prognosis of various cancers. The aim of this study was to detect their expression in gastric cancer to identify associations with another cell adhesion molecule, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), and(More)
Surface modification and endothelialization of vascular biomaterials are common approaches that are used to both resist the nonspecific adhesion of proteins and improve the hemocompatibility and long-term patency of artificial vascular grafts. Surface modification of vascular grafts using hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol), zwitterionic polymers, heparin or(More)
Nowadays, gene transfer technology has been widely used to promote endothelialization of artificial vascular grafts. However, the lack of gene vectors with low cytotoxicity and targeting function still remains a pressing challenge. Herein, polyethylenimine (PEI, 1.8 kDa or 10 kDa) was conjugated to an amphiphilic and biodegradable diblock copolymer(More)
Surface tailoring is an attractive approach to enhancing selective endothelialization, which is a prerequisite for current vascular prosthesis applications. Here, we modified polycarbonate urethane (PCU) surface with both poly(ethylene glycol) and Cys-Ala-Gly-peptide (CAG) for the purpose of creating a hydrophilic surface with targeting adhesion of(More)
PURPOSE One of the most challenging aspects of breast carcinoma chemotherapy is the rapid acquirement of drug resistance. Improving the sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs is very important for successful treatment. Mus81 plays an important role in maintaining the stability of the genome and DNA repair. However, recent studies suggested that Mus81(More)