Juan Luis Santos

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SCP3 is a meiosis-specific structural protein appearing at axial elements and lateral elements of the synaptonemal complex. We have analysed the behaviour of SCP3 and the cohesin subunit Rad21 in mouse spermatocytes by means of a squashing technique. Our results demonstrate that both proteins colocalize and are partially released from chromosome arms during(More)
Meiosis was analyzed cytogenetically in autotetraploids of Arabidopsis, including both established lines and newly generated autotetraploid plants. Fluorescent in situ hybridization with 5S and 45S rDNA probes was used to identify the different chromosomes at metaphase I of meiosis. Multivalents were observed frequently in all the lines analyzed, but there(More)
It has been suggested that in species with monocentric chromosomes axial element (AE) components may be responsible for sister chromatid cohesion during meiosis. To test this hypothesis in species with holocentric chromosomes we selected three heteropteran species with different sex-determining mechanisms. We observed in surface-spreads and sections using(More)
We have analysed the chromosome organisation and the location and temporal appearance of different proteins in X and B chromosomes in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans throughout the first meiotic prophase. We have used adult males that carry a B chromosome collected in natural Spanish populations. The scaffold organisation has been analysed by means of(More)
Natural variation in meiotic recombination frequency in Arabidopsis thaliana has been assessed by analyzing chiasma frequency variation among a range of geographically and ecologically diverse accessions. Fifty pollen mother cells at metaphase I of meiosis were analyzed from each of eight accessions and fluorescence in situ hybridization was applied to(More)
B-chromosome systems in several Spanish natural populations of Eyprepocnemis plorans are reported. The geographical distributions of the fourteen types of B chromosomes, which were classified according to size, C-banding pattern, and meiotic behaviour, are described. The results indicate a common origin for most types and a possible independent origin for a(More)
The number of meiotic crossovers (COs) is tightly regulated within a narrow range, despite a large excess of molecular precursors. The factors that limit COs remain largely unknown. Here, using a genetic screen in Arabidopsis thaliana, we identified the highly conserved FANCM helicase, which is required for genome stability in humans and yeasts, as a major(More)
Several techniques have been developed for protein immunolocalization in meiotic cells. However, most of them include treatments that lead to cell disruption and are only suitable for prophase-I cells. We describe a novel squash procedure of cell preparation for protein immunolabelling of different meiotic stages. This procedure is an alternative to both(More)
The temporal and functional relationships between DNA events of meiotic recombination and synaptonemal complex formation are a matter of discussion within the meiotic field. To analyse this subject in grasshoppers, organisms that have been considered as models for meiotic studies for many years, we have studied the localization of phosphorylated histone(More)
Telomeric DNA repeats as well as different specific proteins such as TRF1 and Rap1 associate in functional telomere complexes found at chromosome ends. Using spreading techniques, the presence of TRF1 and Rap1 has been reported at mammalian meiotic telomeres during prophase I. In the present study, we have analysed, by fluorescence in-situ hybridization and(More)