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Catecholamines in adipose tissue promote lipolysis via cAMP, whereas insulin stimulates lipogenesis. Here we show that H(2)O(2) generated by insulin in rat adipocytes impaired cAMP-mediated amplification cascade of lipolysis. These micromolar concentrations of H(2)O(2) added before cAMP suppressed cAMP activation of type IIbeta cyclic AMP-dependent protein(More)
The nature of the cyanide-resistant respiration of Taenia crassiceps metacestode was studied. Mitochondrial respiration with NADH as substrate was partially inhibited by rotenone, cyanide and antimycin in decreasing order of effectiveness. In contrast, respiration with succinate or ascorbate plus N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD) was more(More)
Glutathione S-transferases are major phase II detoxification enzymes. Taenia solium, a parasite of humans and pigs, is exposed to toxic products. The aim of this work was to purify and characterize a T. solium glutathione S-transferase isoform of 26.5 kDa (SGST26.5) in order to obtain its kinetic parameters. Homogeneous SGST26.5 was obtained by a simple(More)
Recent studies indicate that toll-like receptors (TLRs) are expressed on T cells and that these receptors directly or indirectly activate the adaptive immune system. We have shown previously that acute alcohol/ethanol (EtOH) intoxication combined with burn injury suppresses mesenteric lymph node (MLN) T-cell interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon γ (IFN-γ)(More)
This report describes an ATP-diphosphohydrolase activity associated with the inner membrane of human term placental mitochondria. An enriched fraction containing 30 per cent of the total protein and 80 per cent of the total ATP-diphosphohydrolase activity was obtained from submitochondrial particles. ATP-diphosphohydrolase activity was characterized in this(More)
The kinetics of the irreversible unfolding of glutathione reductase (NAD[P]H:GSSG oxidoreductase, EC 1.6.4.2.) from cyanobacterium Spirulina maxima was studied at pH 7.0 and room temperature. Denaturation was induced by guanidinium chloride and the changes in enzyme activity, aggregation state, and tertiary structure were monitored. No full reactivation of(More)
Glutathione reductase (NAD(P)H:GSSG oxidoreductase EC 1.6.4.2.) was purified 1160-fold to homogeneity from the nonsulfurous purple bacteria Rhodospirillum rubrum (wild type). Specific activity of the pure preparation was 102 U/mg. The enzyme displayed a typical flavoprotein absorption spectrum with maxima at 274,365, and 459 nm and an absorbance ratio(More)
The structural and kinetic analyses of the components of the lactate shuttle from heterotrophic Euglena gracilis were carried out. Mitochondrial membrane-bound, NAD(+)-independent d-lactate dehydrogenase (d-iLDH) was purified by solubilization with CHAPS and heat treatment. The active enzyme was a 62-kDa monomer containing non-covalently bound FAD as(More)
Advanced age is associated with alterations in innate and adaptive immune responses, which contribute to an increased risk of infection in elderly patients. Coupled with this immune dysfunction, elderly patients demonstrate impaired wound healing with elevated rates of wound dehiscence and chronic wounds. To evaluate how advanced age alters the host immune(More)
The multifunctional enzyme thioredoxin-glutathione reductase (TGR) was purified to homogeneity from the soluble fraction of Taenia crassiceps metacestode (cysticerci). Specific activities of 17.5 and 4.7 U mg(-1) were obtained with Plasmodium falciparum thioredoxin and GSSG, respectively, at pH 7.75. Under the same conditions, Km values of 17, 15, and 3(More)