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Hypoxia has been shown to cause lung edema and impair lung edema clearance. In the present study, we exposed isolated rat lungs to pO(2) = 40 mm Hg for 60 min or rats to 8% O(2) for up to 24 h and then measured changes in alveolar fluid reabsorption (AFR) and Na,K-ATPase function. Low levels of oxygen severely impaired AFR in both ex vivo and in vivo(More)
Hypoxia can cause stress and structural changes to the epithelial cytoskeleton. The intermediate filament (IF) network is known to reorganize in response to stress. We examined whether rats exposed to hypoxia had altered keratin IF expression in their alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells. There was a significant decrease in keratin protein levels in(More)
RATIONALE Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is increased in patients with high-altitude pulmonary edema and acute respiratory distress syndrome, and these patients have decreased alveolar fluid reabsorption (AFR). OBJECTIVES To determine whether ET-1 impairs AFR via activation of endothelial cells and nitric oxide (NO) generation. METHODS Isolated perfused rat lung,(More)
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