Juan L. Silva

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Persistence of Salmonella biofilms within food processing environments is an important source of Salmonella contamination in the food chain. In this study, essential oils of thyme and oregano and their antimicrobial phenolic constituent carvacrol were evaluated for their ability to inhibit biofilm formation and inactivate preformed Salmonella biofilms. A(More)
Effects of intensity and processing time of 254 nm UV irradiation on Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Typhimurium were investigated. Intensities measured at 5.08, 10.1, 15.2, and 20.3 cm from the light source were 1.000, 500, 250, and 150 microW/cm2, respectively. Intensities of 250 or 500 microW/cm2 reduced all suspended(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii contains an iron-regulatory small RNA ArrF whose expression is dependent upon the levels of iron and ferric uptake regulator. The deletion of this ArrF-encoding gene resulted in a 300-fold increase in the production of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), a polymer of industrial importance. This ∆arrF mutant exhibited wild-type growth and(More)
A xylose reductase gene (xyl1) of Candida guilliermondii ATCC 20118 was cloned and characterized. The open reading frame of xyl1 contained 954 nucleotides encoding a protein of 317 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 36 kDa. The derived amino acid sequence of C. guilliermondii xylose reductase was 70.4% homologous to that of Pichia stipitis. The(More)
An outbreak of classical dengue fever occurred from March to August 1988 in the city of Taxco, Guerrero State, Mexico. Taxco is at an elevation of 1,700 meters above sea level, and this study represents the highest altitude at which an outbreak of dengue has been documented. An investigation was conducted to obtain serologic confirmation of dengue(More)
From August 1994 to May 1995, 238 channel catfish fillets collected from three processing plants in the Mississippi Delta at four time periods were tested for the presence of Aeromonas species. Identification of Aeromonas spp. was accomplished using an automated Vitek bioassay system with gram-negative and nonfermenter cards. Approximately 36.1% were(More)
Plant-derived essential oils were tested for their ability to eliminate biofilms of Listeria monocytogenes on polystyrene and stainless steel surfaces. Various concentrations of essential oils were tested with different contact times on biofilms of various ages. Preliminarily screening of nine essential oils and related phenolic compounds in a disk(More)
Incidence of Listeria spp. in whole raw catfish, catfish fillets, and processing environments from two catfish processing facilities was determined in August 2008 and August 2009. Thirty-nine (18.4%) of 212 samples collected in August 2008 were positive for Listeria monocytogenes. Prevalences of Listeria species L. innocua and L. seeligeri-L. welshimeri-L.(More)
Red muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.) juices with natural organic, phenolic acids and polyphenol compounds were tested against Cronobacter sakazakii. The concentration of total phenolic compounds of commercial baby juices ranged from 176.7 to 347.7 mg/mL. Commercial baby juices showed poor antimicrobial activity, reducing less than 1-log of C. sakazakii(More)
Water-soluble extracts were prepared from purple (cultivar Ison) and bronze (cultivar Carlos) muscadine seeds with or without heating. The Ison extracts had strong antimicrobial activity against a cocktail of three strains of Escherichia coli O157: H7. This extract had higher acidity (pH 3.39 to 3.43), total phenolics (2.21 to 3.49 mg/ml), tartaric acid(More)