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The clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of 21 cases of angiographically occult intracranial vascular malformations (AOIVM's) are analyzed, and a review of 241 additional appropriately documented, histologically verified cases collected from the literature is presented. In all, there were 115 (43.8%) arteriovenous malformations, 82 (31.2%)(More)
A consecutive, unselected series of 82 patients with epidural hematoma treated between 1973 and 1980 is presented. Forty-one patients were managed before the advent of computerized tomography (CT) and the other 41 after this neuroradiological method was available. Mortality and disability rates which were 29.2% and 31.7% during the pre-CT period decreased(More)
Mortality due to epidural hematoma is virtually restricted to patients who undergo surgery for that condition while in coma. The authors have analyzed the factors influencing the outcome of 64 patients who underwent epidural hematoma evacuation while in coma. These patients represented 41% of the 156 patients operated on for epidural hematoma at their(More)
The authors analyze the clinical course of 46 severely head-injured patients who had completely normal computerized tomography (CT) scans through the immediate posttraumatic period (1 to 7 days after trauma). These patients represent 10.2% of a consecutive series of 448 cases of severe head injuries and two-thirds of the cases showing a normal CT scan on(More)
Of 838 patients with severe head injuries admitted since the introduction of computerized tomography, 211 (25.1%) talked at some time between trauma and subsequent deterioration into coma. Of these 211 patients, 89 (42.2%) had brain contusion/hematoma, 46 (21.8%) an epidural hematoma, 35 (16.6%) a subdural hematoma, and 41 (19.4%) did not show focal mass(More)
INTRODUCTION Idiopathic herniation of the spinal cord is a rarely diagnosed condition. It is important since this cause of paraparesis is potentially curable if diagnosis is made early. Our aim is to report a new case, review the relevant literature, describe the radiological findings and consider the etiopathogenic findings. CLINICAL CASE We report the(More)
The authors report 144 cases of trigeminal neuralgia treated by percutaneous microcompression of the trigeminal ganglion (PMTG). The operation was performed under short-lasting barbiturate anesthesia without endotracheal intubation. Meckel's cave was cannulated with a No. 4 Fogarty catheter and the balloon was inflated for 1 minute. The average intraluminal(More)
The authors describe four cases of subependymoma studied with computed tomography (CT) and review 18 previously reported cases in an attempt to define the most characteristic CT presentation of this rare, benign tumor. Subependymoma usually appears as an isodense, or even hypodense, intraventricular tumor on plain CT scan and shows minimal or no enhancement(More)
A technique is reported for the stereotaxic evacuation of colloid cysts of the third ventricle using a stereotaxic system adapted for computerized tomography (CT) scanning. This is an accurate, simple, and reproducible method that avoids the risks of direct approaches. Successful intracystic aspiration resulting in the cure of the patient may be difficult(More)