Juan José Rivas

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The influence of the type of intracranial lesion on the final outcome in a consecutive series of 277 severely head-injured patients was analyzed. Patients were studied with computerized tomography (CT) and underwent continuous measurement of intracranial pressure. They received identical treatment according to a standardized protocol. Outcome of patients(More)
A consecutive, unselected series of 82 patients with epidural hematoma treated between 1973 and 1980 is presented. Forty-one patients were managed before the advent of computerized tomography (CT) and the other 41 after this neuroradiological method was available. Mortality and disability rates which were 29.2% and 31.7% during the pre-CT period decreased(More)
OBJECT Some authors have questioned the need to perform cerebral angiography in patients presenting with a benign clinical picture and a perimesencephalic pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on initial computerized tomography (CT) scans, because the low probability of finding an aneurysm does not justify exposing patients to the risks of angiography.(More)
The authors describe four cases of subependymoma studied with computed tomography (CT) and review 18 previously reported cases in an attempt to define the most characteristic CT presentation of this rare, benign tumor. Subependymoma usually appears as an isodense, or even hypodense, intraventricular tumor on plain CT scan and shows minimal or no enhancement(More)
A group of 78 severe head injury patients showing computerized tomography (CT) findings of the so-called “diffuse axonal injury” is analyzed. These patients represent 20% of the authors' series of severe head injury. Twenty-three patients showed small intraparenchymal haemorrhages in the CT scan study, 15 intraventricular haemorrhage and 40 patients had(More)
Only 4 of the 30 previously reported cases of giant sacral schwannomas have been studied with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). We are reporting 6 more cases, 5 of which had MRI studies. There were 5 women and 1 man (average age 45 years) with long lasting symptoms consisting of lumbosacral and radicular pain accompanied by urinary disturbances and(More)
Mortality due to epidural hematoma is virtually restricted to patients who undergo surgery for that condition while in coma. The authors have analyzed the factors influencing the outcome of 64 patients who underwent epidural hematoma evacuation while in coma. These patients represented 41% of the 156 patients operated on for epidural hematoma at their(More)
The authors review the literature on subarachnoid haemorrhage of unknown aetiology (SAHUE) and analyze a personal series of 212 patients diagnosed as SAHUE. These patients represent 30% of all cases of primary SAH admitted over a 14.5 year period. The age, sex, antecedents and initial clinical presentation of patients with SAHUE were indistinguishable from(More)
The authors analysed the serial computerized tomography (CT) findings in a large series of severely head injured patients in order to assess the variability in gross intracranial pathology through the acute posttraumatic period and determine the most common patterns of CT change. A second aim was to compare the prognostic significance of the different CT(More)
The clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of 21 cases of angiographically occult intracranial vascular malformations (AOIVM's) are analyzed, and a review of 241 additional appropriately documented, histologically verified cases collected from the literature is presented. In all, there were 115 (43.8%) arteriovenous malformations, 82 (31.2%)(More)