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To assess the prevalence of Parkinson’s disease and parkinsonism in two Spanish populations (Irun and Hondarribia, Bidasoa Region) and to compare the results with those of similar surveys. The survey included 2000 participants aged 65 years or older in a door-to-door, three-phase design. In the screening phase we used the SNES (Sicilian Neuro-Epidemiologic(More)
A retrospective study was carried out to investigate the evolution of patients diagnosed with cinnarizine-induced parkinsonism (CIP) over the past 15 years. A total of 74 cases of CIP were found among 172 patients with drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP). Both CIP and other DIP were significantly more frequent in women. No clinical differences between CIP and(More)
Myofibrillar myopathies (MFM) are a group of disorders associated with mutations in DES, CRYAB, MYOT, ZASP, FLNC, or BAG3 genes and characterized by disintegration of myofibrils and accumulation of degradation products into intracellular inclusions. We retrospectively evaluated 53 MFM patients from 35 Spanish families. Studies included neurologic exam,(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in KCNJ2, the gene encoding the inward-rectifying K+ channel Kir2.1, cause the cardiac, skeletal muscle, and developmental phenotypes of Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS; also known as Andersen syndrome). Although pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed for select mutations, a common mechanism has not been identified. METHODS Seventeen(More)
Autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (EPT; OMIM 600512) is a form of epilepsy characterized by partial seizures, usually preceded by auditory signs. The gene for this disorder has been mapped by linkage studies to chromosomal region 10q24. Here we show that mutations in the LGI1 gene segregate with EPT in two families affected by this disorder. Both(More)
PURPOSE [corrected] To describe the clinical and genetic findings of seven additional pedigrees with autosomal dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE). METHODS A personal and family history was obtained from each affected and unaffected member, along with a physical and neurologic examination. Routine and sleep EEGs, computed tomography (CT), or(More)
We present here the clinical, molecular and biochemical findings from 238 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) patients, representing approximately 50% (238 out of 484) of the suspected calpainopathy cases referred for the molecular study of the calpain 3 (CAPN3) gene. The mean age at onset of LGMD2A patients was approximately 14 years, and the(More)
A hexanucleotide repeat expansion in chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) can cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and/or frontotemporal dementia (FTD). We assessed its frequency in 781 sporadic ALS (sALS) and 155 familial ALS (fALS) cases, and in 248 Spanish controls. We tested the presence of the reported founder haplotype among mutation(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increasing interest in the clinico-pathological correlation of mutations in progranulin (PGRN) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) complex diseases. We aim to study the PGRN expression variability in patients with different clinical features for a better understanding of its roles in FTLD disease. METHODS We sequenced the(More)
BACKGROUND A large family with autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy from the south of Spain was studied. The clinical appearance of the disease in this family, which included 28 members, of whom 11 were affected and 2 were obligate carriers, was identical to that previously described in an Australian family and a Norwegian family, in which(More)