Juan José Orellana Castillo

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In mammals, GLUT2 plays an essential role in glucose homeostasis. From an evolutionary perspective, relatively little is known about the biology of GLUT2, or other GLUTs, in nonmammalian vertebrates. Here, we have conducted studies to functionally characterize GLUT2 in zebrafish. First, we cloned the zebrafish ortholog of GLUT2 (zfGLUT2) encoding a protein(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) transfers cholesterol over the inner mitochondrial membrane. In mammals, StAR controls this rate-limiting step of steroidogenesis, but its expression and regulation has not been well explored in fish. The present work investigates StAR mRNA expression in the head kidney of the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)(More)
Neuro-endocrine and immune systems closely interact in fish, and their regulation is crucial for the maintenance of good health of cultured fish. We have used the seabream head kidney to study whether stress-related hormones can modulate the immune response. For this purpose, the effects of adrenaline, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol on the(More)
SYNOPSIS. In fish, the structural and functional characteristics of insulin and IGFI receptors have been well studied. Current evidence indicates that all gnatostome animals, from fish to mammals, contain separate insulin and IGF-I molecules and specific receptors for insulin and IGF-I. However, qualitative differences in the functional aspects of insulin(More)
The relative function of IGF-I and insulin on fish muscle metabolism and growth has been investigated by the isolation and culture at different stages (myoblasts at day 1, myocytes at day 4, and myotubes at day 10) of rainbow trout muscle cells. This in vitro model avoids interactions with endogenous peptides, which could interfere with the muscle response.(More)
To characterize and study the variations of IGF-I binding during the development of trout muscle cells, in vitro experiments were conducted using myocyte cultures, and IGF-I binding assays were performed in three stages of cell development: mononuclear cells (day 1), small myotubes (day 4), and large myotubes (day 10). Binding experiments were done by(More)
In this study, primary cultures of trout skeletal muscle cells were used to investigate the main signal transduction pathways of insulin and IGF-I receptors in rainbow trout muscle. At different stages of in vitro development (myoblasts on day 1, myocytes on day 4, and fully developed myotubes on day 11), we detected in these cells the presence of(More)
Plant defensins are small cysteine-rich peptides that inhibit the growth of a broad range of microbes. In this article, we describe NmDef02, a novel cDNA encoding a putative defensin isolated from Nicotiana megalosiphon upon inoculation with the tobacco blue mould pathogen Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp. tabacina. NmDef02 was heterologously expressed in the(More)
Dysferlinopathies are a group of progressive muscular dystrophies characterized by mutations in the gene DYSF. These mutations cause scarcity or complete absence of dysferlin, a protein that is expressed in skeletal muscle and plays a role in membrane repair. Our objective was to unravel the proteins that constitute the dysferlin complex and their(More)