Juan José López-Ibor

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BACKGROUND Second-generation antipsychotic drugs were introduced over a decade ago for the treatment of schizophrenia; however, their purported clinical effectiveness compared with first-generation antipsychotic drugs is still debated. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of second-generation antipsychotic drugs with that of a low dose of haloperidol, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment, manifested as mild to moderate deviations from psychometric norms, is present in many but not all schizophrenia patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of haloperidol with that of second-generation antipsychotic drugs on the cognitive performance of patients with schizophreniform disorder or(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that there is increased low-frequency activity located predominantly in the frontal lobe in patients with major depressive disorder using magnetoencephalography. METHODS We carried out an unmatched or separate sampling case-control study of 31 medication-free patients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental(More)
We have investigated whether the -86 C/T promoter polymorphism in CHRNA7 gene, the signal peptide polymorphism of the alpha1-antichymotripsin (ACT) gene or the APOE genotype are associated with an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or affect the risk of evolution to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have followed up 89 patients with initial(More)
The capacity to appreciate beauty is one of our species' most remarkable traits. Although knowledge about its neural correlates is growing, little is known about any gender-related differences. We have explored possible differences between men and women's neural correlates of aesthetic preference. We have used magnetoencephalography to record the brain(More)
The World Health Organization Short Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO DAS-S) is an instrument for clinicians' assessment and rating of difficulties in maintaining personal care, in performing occupational tasks and in functioning in relation to the family and the broader social context due to mental disorders. The WHO DAS-S was developed and underwent(More)
The main goal of the present study was to explore whether regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) differs between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients without chronic motor tic disorder and those OCD patients with a comorbid chronic tic disorder. Twenty-seven patients suffering from OCD (DSM-IV criteria), including 7 OCD patients who met DSM-IV criteria(More)
BACKGROUND Profile and correlates of cognitive deficits in first episode (FE) schizophrenia patients are still debated. The present study is aimed to clarify in a large sample of FE patients the extent of impairment in key cognitive domains and its relationships with demographic and clinical variables. METHOD The European First Episode Schizophrenia Trial(More)
BACKGROUND We describe frontotemporal paroxysmal rhythmic activity recorded by magnetoencephalography (MEG) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD Twelve patients with OCD (per ICD-10 and DSM-IV criteria), aged 18 to 65 years, were assessed using MEG. Patients' classification according to the Yale Brown OCD Scale was as follows:(More)
UNLABELLED Studies and meta-analyses investigating the influence of substance use disorder (SUD) (substance abuse or dependence) on psychopathology and neurocognitive function in schizophrenia patients have revealed controversial results. Most studies did only have small samples and did not focus exclusively on first-episode schizophrenia patients. METHOD(More)