Juan José López-Ibor

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BACKGROUND Second-generation antipsychotic drugs were introduced over a decade ago for the treatment of schizophrenia; however, their purported clinical effectiveness compared with first-generation antipsychotic drugs is still debated. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of second-generation antipsychotic drugs with that of a low dose of haloperidol, in(More)
The capacity to appreciate beauty is one of our species' most remarkable traits. Although knowledge about its neural correlates is growing, little is known about any gender-related differences. We have explored possible differences between men and women's neural correlates of aesthetic preference. We have used magnetoencephalography to record the brain(More)
The World Health Organization Short Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO DAS-S) is an instrument for clinicians' assessment and rating of difficulties in maintaining personal care, in performing occupational tasks and in functioning in relation to the family and the broader social context due to mental disorders. The WHO DAS-S was developed and underwent(More)
In this report, which is an update of a guideline published in 2002 (Bandelow et al. 2002, World J Biol Psychiatry 3:171), recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are presented. Since the publication of the first version of this guideline, a(More)
Data from two major government-funded studies of comparative antipsychotic effectiveness in schizophrenia contradict the widely prevalent belief that the newer second-generation medications are vastly superior to the older first-generation drugs. This has caused uncertainty among patients, clinicians and policy-makers about the relative utility of first-(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is the third leading contributor to the worldwide burden of disease. We assessed the nature and severity of experienced and anticipated discrimination reported by adults with major depressive disorder worldwide. Moreover, we investigated whether experienced discrimination is related to clinical history, provision of health care, and(More)
We have investigated whether the -86 C/T promoter polymorphism in CHRNA7 gene, the signal peptide polymorphism of the alpha1-antichymotripsin (ACT) gene or the APOE genotype are associated with an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or affect the risk of evolution to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have followed up 89 patients with initial(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment, manifested as mild to moderate deviations from psychometric norms, is present in many but not all schizophrenia patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of haloperidol with that of second-generation antipsychotic drugs on the cognitive performance of patients with schizophreniform disorder or(More)
There is evidence of the clinical efficacy and safety of clomipramine and the newer selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In the present study, we have compared the efficacy and safety of 40 mg/day of fluoxetine and 150 mg/day of clomipramine in patients with OCD, diagnosed according to(More)
BACKGROUND Profile and correlates of cognitive deficits in first episode (FE) schizophrenia patients are still debated. The present study is aimed to clarify in a large sample of FE patients the extent of impairment in key cognitive domains and its relationships with demographic and clinical variables. METHOD The European First Episode Schizophrenia Trial(More)