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Striatal and cortical neurons containing nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were studied in adult rats subjected to different periods of perinatal asphyxia (PA) using immunohistochemistry at both light microscopy (LM) and electron microscopy (EM). Another group was subjected to PA + hypothermia to study its neuroprotective effect. Quantitative image analysis was(More)
The developing chick optic tectum is a widely used model of corticogenesis and angiogenesis. Cell behaviors involved in corticogenesis and angiogenesis share several regulatory mechanisms. In this way the 3D organizations of both systems adapt to each other. The consensus about the temporally and spatially organized progression of the optic tectum(More)
Light-induced damage is a widely used model to study retinal degeneration. We examined whether bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) protects the retina against light-induced injury. One day before intense light exposure for 24 h, rats were intravitreally injected with LPS in one eye and vehicle in the contralateral eye. At several time points after light(More)
Although HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) result from injury and loss of neurons, productive infection routinely takes place in cells of macrophage lineage. In such a complex context, astrocytosis induced by local chemokines/cytokines is one of the hallmarks of HIV neuropathology. Whether this sustained astrocyte activation is able to alter(More)
Cannabinoid effects are mediated through two receptors, CB1 and CB2. In the retina CB1 has been reported in bipolar cells, gabaergic amacrine cells, horizontal cells, and inner plexiform layer. CB2 receptor mRNA localization was shown in photoreceptors, inner nuclear layer, and ganglion cell layer by using RT-PCR. The aim of this work was to localize CB2(More)
Recent research involving human and animals has shown that aerobic exercise of moderate intensity produces the greatest benefit on brain health and behavior. In this study we investigated the effects on cognitive function and anxiety-related behavior in rats at different ages of aerobic exercise, performed regularly throughout life. We designed an aerobic(More)
INTRODUCTION Status epilepticus increases the production of new neurons (hippocampal neurogenesis) and promotes aberrant migration. However chronic experimental models of epilepsy and studies performed in human epilepsy showed controversial results suggesting a reduction in hippocampal neurogenesis in late stages of the disease. Doublecortin (DCX) has been(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the cytoskeletal intermediate filaments, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and vimentin in normal and lead treated rats, and to compare the astroglial response in the cerebellum and the hippocampus -two regions with great susceptibility to the toxic effects of lead. Experiments combined light and electron(More)
(1) Following acute spinal cord injury, progesterone modulates several molecules essential for motoneuron function, although the morphological substrates for these effects are unknown. (2) The present study analyzed morphological changes in motoneurons distal to the lesion site from rats with or without progesterone treatment. We employed electron(More)
Motor neuron degeneration characterizes the spinal cord of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the Wobbler mouse mutant. Considering that progesterone (PROG) provides neuroprotection in experimental ischemia and injury, its potential role in neurodegeneration was studied in the murine model. Two-month-old symptomatic Wobbler mice were left(More)