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BACKGROUND In pediatric clinical practice, it is common to be asked about the presence of black stains on teeth in children and teenagers. According to controversial etiology, it is known to be related to a low rate of caries. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of black stain and associated risk factors in Spanish preschool children. (More)
OBJECTIVES To determine treatment compliance and how compliance was perceived by patients, parents and by a multidisciplinary team in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. Also to analyse the relative importance given to each of the prescribed treatments, reasons for non-adherence and to investigate possible predictors of therapeutic compliance. PATIENTS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION The prevalence of obesity in industrialized countries is increasing and is closely related to essential hypertension (EHT) in adolescents. OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of obesity and its association with other known cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of children and young adults with at least one parent with EHT. METHODS The EHT(More)
INTRODUCTION Classic cardiovascular risk factors are present in infancy. C-reactive protein, leptin and adiponectin are the most important inflammatory cardiovascular risk markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS A descriptive, cross-sectional study, including children aged 6-12 years old from two local primary schools in the city of Avilés. Body measurements were(More)
Recent data suggest that, contrary to initial expectations with improvements in perinatal medicine, the prevalence of cerebral palsy has not decreased over the last 20 years. Gastrointestinal disorders are a major chronic problem in most of children with cerebral palsy and in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. A multidisciplinary approach, with(More)
Milk products contain proteins of high biologic value and digestibility; they also contain fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, specially calcium and phosphorus. Diversification of milk products consumption allows a high consumptiom of the above mentioned products, optimizing nutrient intake. In Spain, food consumption of milk products lower than the(More)
INTRODUCTION The relation between cellulitis and Group B streptococcus infection in newborns and small infants was first reported during the early 1980s and named cellulitis-adenitis syndrome. We report a case of a neonate with cellulitis-adenitis syndrome in an unusual location (retroauricular). CASE PRESENTATION A 21-day-old Caucasian female infant was(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to explore the relation between lung function and serum retinol (SR) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a group of 98 young patients with CF (6.8-22.3 years), after the exclusion of those with pulmonary exacerbation, vitamin A deficiency, or other risks, from(More)
At present there is a degree of uncertainty regarding when, how and in what form gluten should be introduced into the infant diet. For years the recommendations of the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition have prevailed, which include avoiding early introduction, before 4 months, and late, after 7 months, and gradually introducing gluten into the diet while the(More)