Juan Jim Tan

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Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associate protein 1 (MRP1) is a major mechanism leading to multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells. These transporters expel anti-cancer drugs and greatly impair therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapy. A Chinese herbal plant Yanhusuo (Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang, YHS) is frequently used in(More)
The Vpr protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) plays an important role in viral replication. It has been reported that Vpr stimulates the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) signaling pathways, and thereby regulates viral and host cell gene expression. However, the molecular mechanism behind this function of Vpr is not(More)
Tetherin (also known as BST-2, CD317, and HM1.24) is an interferon- induced protein that blocks the release of a variety of enveloped viruses, such as retroviruses, filoviruses and herpesviruses. However, the relationship between tetherin and foamy viruses has not been clearly demonstrated. In this study, we found that tetherin of human, simian, bovine or(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB) has been endorsed by the "First World Congress on International Therapies for Type 2 diabetes" as a possible therapeutic option in patients with type 2 diabetes with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 35 kg/m(2). In the present study, we assessed the improvement in clinical indicators associated with laparoscopic(More)
UNLABELLED Foamy viruses (FVs) are complex retroviruses that establish lifelong persistent infection without evident pathology. However, the roles of cellular factors in FV latency are poorly understood. This study revealed that N-Myc interactor (Nmi) could inhibit the replication of prototype foamy virus (PFV). Overexpression of Nmi reduced PFV(More)
Preconditioning with selective delta opioid peptide [d-Ala2, d-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) provides ischemic tolerance following transient forebrain ischemia in rats. However, whether DADLE postconditioning retains its neuroprotective efficacy and the underlying molecular mechanism in ischemic brain is largely unknown. We investigated DADLE postconditioning(More)
In this paper, we evaluated the historical features and physical examination findings, as well as laboratory tests and ultrasound examinations, in children with testicular torsion (TT), in order to improve diagnosis and treatment in this population. A retrospective review of patients with diagnosis of TT between January 1990 and January 2010 was performed.(More)
Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that depend on cellular machinery for their efficient transcription and replication. In a previous study we reported that bovine foamy virus (BFV) is able to activate the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway through the action of its transactivator BTas to enhance viral transcription. However, the mechanism used by(More)
A cell line BmN-SWU1 was established from the ovarian tissues of 3-day-old fourth instar Bombyx mori larvae of the 21-872nlw variety by performing primary cultures in Grace's medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The cell line primarily consisted of short spindle cells and round cells. The frequency of cells with chromosome number 2n=56 was(More)
The genome of bovine foamy virus (BFV) encodes a transcriptional transactivator, namely BTas, that remarkably enhances gene expression by binding to the viral long-terminal repeat promoter (LTR) and internal promoter (IP). In this report, we characterized the functional domains of BFV BTas. BTas contains two major functional domains: the N-terminal(More)