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Several kinases have been shown to phosphorylate tau protein at Ser-262, an important site involved in the regulation of the binding of tau to microtubules. In this study we compared the phosphorylation of tau at Ser-262 by CaMKII, PhK and PKA in vitro as determined by radioimmunoblots developed by the monoclonal antibody 12E8 which recognizes P-Ser-262 and(More)
STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) has been implicated as a mediator of a variety of biological responses in response to stimulation by specific growth factors and cytokines. To understand better the role of STAT1 in the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced phenotype, we generated an active form of STAT1 (STAT1C) by substituting Cys(More)
Tubulin carboxypeptidase, the enzyme which releases the COOH terminal tyrosine from the a-chain of tubulin, remains associated with microtubules through several cycles of assembly/disassembly (Arce CA, Barra HS: FEBS Lett 157: 75–78, 1983). Here, we present evidence indicating that in rat brain extract the carboxypeptidase/microtubules association is(More)
Tubulin carboxypeptidase is the enzyme that releases the C-terminal tyrosine from alpha-tubulin, converting tyrosine-terminated (Tyr) to detyrosinated (Glu) tubulin. The present study demonstrates that this enzyme is associated with microtubules in living cells. We extracted cultured cells (COS-7) with Triton X-100 under microtubule-stabilizing conditions(More)
Thimet oligopeptidase (EC; EP24.15) is an intracellular enzyme that has been proposed to metabolize peptides within cells, thereby affecting antigen presentation and G protein-coupled receptor signal transduction. However, only a small number of intracellular substrates of EP24.15 have been reported previously. Here we have identified over 100(More)
Many hemoglobin-derived peptides are present in mouse brain, and several of these have bioactive properties including the hemopressins, a related series of peptides that bind to cannabinoid CB1 receptors. Although hemoglobin is a major component of red blood cells, it is also present in neurons and glia. To examine whether the hemoglobin-derived peptides in(More)
PURPOSE Because loss of Nkx2-8 increases lung cancer in the mouse, we studied suppressive mechanisms in human lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN NKX2-8 is located within 14q13.3, adjacent to its close relative TTF1/NKX2-1. We first analyzed LOH of 14q13.3 in forty-five matched human lung cancer and control specimens. DNA from tumors with LOH was then(More)
INTRODUCTION The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor erlotinib is much less effective in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors with wild-type EGFR, than in tumors with activating EGFR mutations. Autophagy is a tightly regulated lysosomal self-digestion process, which may alternatively promote cell survival or type II cell death. This study(More)
Purkinje cell degeneration (pcd) mice have a mutation within the gene encoding cytosolic carboxypeptidase 1 (CCP1/Nna1), which has homology to metallocarboxypeptidases. To assess the function of CCP1/Nna1, quantitative proteomics and peptidomics approaches were used to compare proteins and peptides in mutant and wild-type mice. Hundreds of peptides derived(More)
Peptides have been proposed to function in intracellular signaling within the cytosol. Although cytosolic peptides are considered to be highly unstable, a large number of peptides have been detected in mouse brain and other biological samples. In the present study, we evaluated the peptidome of three diverse cell lines: SH-SY5Y, MCF7, and HEK293 cells. A(More)