Juan J Salazar

Learn More
Immunocytochemical localization of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) has been used to study the distribution of astrocytes and their morphology in sections of the optic nerve (ON) of human eye. Although all ON regions presented GFAP immunoreactivity, immunostained tissue was most common in the posterior prelaminar region (PR) and least common in the(More)
Electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry have been used to study the structural specializations of astrocyte and Müller glia cells in human retinas. The astrocytes and Müller cells contribute to the formation of the internal limiting membrane, the retina, the blood vessel glial limiting membranes and the glial sheaths of the ganglion cells. Two types of(More)
Ocular hypertension is a major risk factor for glaucoma, a neurodegenerative disease characterized by an irreversible decrease in ganglion cells and their axons. Macroglial and microglial cells appear to play an important role in the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. Here, we study the effects of laser-induced ocular hypertension (OHT) in the macroglia,(More)
Immunocytochemical localization of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) has been used to study astrocyte distribution and morphology in whole mounted human retinas and vertical sections. Two types of astrocytes can be distinguished: elongated astrocytes are located in the nerve fibre layer (NFL); and star-shaped astrocytes are found in the ganglion cell(More)
Most studies of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) have focused on the outer retina but little has been done on the involvement of astrocytes in this disease. We examined normal (young and old) and pathological (AMD) human retinas for the presence of changes in morphology and distribution of the astrocytes. Electron microscopy and inmunohistochemical(More)
Decreased thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) may reflect retinal neuronal-ganglion cell death. A decrease in the RNFL has been demonstrated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in addition to aging by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Twenty-three mild-AD patients and 28 age-matched control subjects with mean Mini-Mental State Examination 23.3 and(More)
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the excess of cholesterol in rabbits induces ultrastructural retinal changes similar to those observed in human age-related macular degeneration (AMD). New Zealand rabbits were divided into two groups: Control (GO; n=10), fed standard diet for 8 months; hypercholesterolemic (G1; n=10), fed with 0.5%(More)
Glaucomatous optic neuropathy, a leading cause of blindness, can progress despite control of intraocular pressure - currently the main risk factor and target for treatment. Glaucoma progression shares mechanisms with neurodegenerative disease, including microglia activation. In the present model of ocular hypertension (OHT), we have recently described(More)
Antibodies to the 68, 160 and 200 kD of the neurofilament triplets were used to study the distribution and organization of neuronal structures in the human choroid. Choroidal axons were observed in the suprachoroid and vascular laminae but absent from the choriocapillary layer. Most axons were situated in the suprachoroid. In this layer, there were(More)
In the mouse model of unilateral laser-induced ocular hypertension (OHT) the microglia in both the treated and the normotensive untreated contralateral eye have morphological signs of activation and up-regulation of MHC-II expression in comparison with naïve. In the brain, rod-like microglia align to less-injured neurons in an effort to limit damage. We(More)