Juan J. L. Lertora

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There is abundant evidence that chronic renal failure (CRF) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) alter drug disposition by affecting protein and tissue binding and reducing systemic clearance of renally cleared drugs. What is not fully appreciated is that CRF can significantly reduce nonrenal clearance and alter the bioavailability of drugs predominantly(More)
BACKGROUND The cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase pathway produces arachidonic acid metabolites that are vasoactive, that affect renal sodium handling, and that have been proposed to play a mechanistic role in hypertension. Multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in CYP2C8, 2C9, 2J2 and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) have been identified, many of(More)
We conducted an open-label, steady-state pharmacokinetic (PK) study of drug interactions among HIV-infected women treated with depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) while on nucleoside analogues plus nelfinavir (N=21), efavirenz (N=17), or nevirapine (N=16); or nucleosides only or no antiretroviral therapy as a control group (N=16). PK parameters were(More)
Zidovudine is metabolized to an inactive 5'-glucuronide and has a short plasma half-life requiring frequent dosing. The present study in six patients without symptoms who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus was undertaken to determine if coadministration of valproic acid which, like zidovudine, is metabolized by glucuronidation, would alter(More)
Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic illness; the virus is endemic in West Africa and also of concern with regard to bioterrorism. Transmission of Lassa virus between humans may occur through direct contact with infected blood or bodily secretions. Oral administration of the antiviral drug ribavirin is often considered for postexposure prophylaxis, but(More)
Renal involvement in patients with multiple myeloma complicates their treatment and shortens their life-span. The main renal lesion is a tubulointerstitial transformation with fibrosis, frequently associated with cast formation in the distal nephron that results from co-precipitation of pathological immunoglobulin light chains with Tamm-Horsfall proteins.(More)
BACKGROUND To our knowledge, the antiviral activity of pegylated interferon alfa-2a has not been studied in participants with untreated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection but without chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS Untreated HIV-1-infected volunteers without HCV infection received 180 microg of pegylated interferon(More)
BACKGROUND Concomitant use of antiretroviral (ARV) and hormonal contraceptives may change the metabolism of each and the resulting safety profiles. We evaluated the safety and tolerability of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) among women on ARV. STUDY DESIGN HIV-infected women on selected ARV regimens or no ARV were administered DMPA 150 mg(More)
The present studies were performed to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of erythropoietin in intact and anephric dogs by use of unlabeled crude native erythropoietin (nEp) and iodine 125-labeled purified recombinant erythropoietin (rEp) given by intravenous infusion for 15 minutes. Sephadex G-75 gel filtration was used to confirm that the 125I-rEp(More)