Juan J Guardiola

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Inflammation is the body's response to insults, which include infection, trauma, and hypersensitivity. The inflammatory response is complex and involves a variety of mechanisms to defend against pathogens and repair tissue. In the lung, inflammation is usually caused by pathogens or by exposure to toxins, pollutants, irritants, and allergens. During(More)
The inflammatory response is modulated through interactions among the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. Intercommunication between immune cells and the autonomic nervous system is a growing area of interest. Spatial and temporal information about inflammatory processes is relayed to the central nervous system (CNS) where neuroimmune modulation serves(More)
There are anecdotal reports of pulmonary edema after a night of recurrent obstructive apneas (OAs) in humans, but no data on lung water, gas exchange, filling pressure, or cardiac output (Q) exist in these patients. By clamping the endotracheal tube of eight intubated, anesthesized dogs, we created repetitive OAs of 45-s duration at 30-s intervals, for 8 h.(More)
Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is the underlying pathological finding in most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The objective of this study was to compare clinical criteria for ARDS secondary to community acquired pneumonia with autopsy findings of DAD and to determine the discrepancy rate between the two. We compared prospectively(More)
Mouse model research is proliferating because of its readiness for genetic manipulation. Little is known about pulmonary vagal afferents in mice, however. The purpose of this study was to determine whether their pulmonary afferents are similar to those in large animals. Single-unit activity was recorded in the cervical vagus nerve of anesthetized,(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been linked to cardiovascular complications such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Previous studies demonstrate that OSA patients show elevated fibrinogen levels and increased platelet aggregation that are reversed with 1 night of nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment (NCPAP). Questioning overall(More)
The present studies evaluate whether the vagus nerves link the lungs' immune and neural systems by transmitting information through pulmonary nociceptors. Single unit activities from pulmonary nociceptors [C fiber receptors (CFRs) and high threshold Adelta fiber receptors (HTARs)] were recorded from the cervical vagus nerve in anesthetized, open-chest, and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the prognostic performance of general severity systems (APACHE II [acute physiology and chronic health evaluation], simplified acute physiology score [SAPS II], and mortality probability models [MPM II]) in coronary patients and to derive new customized indexes for coronary patients using a reduced number of variables. DESIGN(More)
We have reported that airway nociceptors [C fibre receptors (CFRs) and high-threshold Aδ fibre receptors (HTARs)] are activated during oleic acid (OA)-induced acute lung injury. In the present studies, we tested the hypothesis that this nociceptor activation is mediated by arachidonic acid products. In anaesthetized, open-chest, mechanically ventilated(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) severity scores can identify patients at low risk for mortality who may be suitable for ambulatory care. Here, we follow the clinical course of hospitalized patients with CAP due to 2009 H1N1 influenza. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of CAP severity scores as predictors of mortality. METHODS This was a(More)