Juan H. R. Arredondo

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Although it is accepted that pemphigus antibody binding to keratinocytes (KCs) evokes an array of intracellular biochemical events resulting in cell detachment and death, the triggering events remain obscure. It has been postulated that the binding of pemphigus vulgaris IgG (PVIgG) to KCs induces "desmosomal" signaling. Because in contrast to integrins and(More)
The use of tobacco products is associated with an increased incidence of periodontal disease, poor response to periodontal therapy, and a high risk for developing head and neck cancer. Nicotine and tobacco-derived nitrosamines have been shown to exhibit their pathobiologic effects due in part to activation of the nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors(More)
Smoking and smokeless tobacco cause morbidity that originates from the epithelium lining of the skin and upper digestive tract. Oral keratinocytes (OKC) express nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) that bind nicotine (Nic). We studied the mechanism of the receptor-mediated toxicity of tobacco products on OKC. Preincubation of normal human OKC with Nic(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a potentially lethal mucocutaneous blistering disease characterized by cell-cell detachment within the stratified epithelium (acantholysis) caused by IgG autoantibodies. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy effectively treats PV, but the mechanism is not fully understood. To further understand acantholysis and the efficacy of(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in MECP2, encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). As female somatic cells are mosaic for expression of mutant MECP2, we performed single cell cloning of T lymphocytes from four RTT patients with MECP2 mutations to isolate cells expressing mutant MECP2.(More)
We describe a severe congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) caused by two missense mutations in the gene encoding the muscle specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MUSK). The identified MUSK mutations M605I and A727V are both located in the kinase domain of MuSK. Intracellular microelectrode recordings and microscopy studies of the neuromuscular junction(More)
Frequent users of smokeless tobacco (ST) have an increased risk for developing oral cancer. Nicotine and its derivatives may contribute to tumorigenesis through stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in target cells. Emerging evidence indicates that nAChRs can be stimulated by the nicotine-derived nitrosamines(More)
Smoking is associated with aberrant cutaneous tissue remodeling, such as precocious skin aging and impaired wound healing. The mechanism is not fully understood. Dermal fibroblasts (DF) are the primary cellular component of the dermis and may provide a target for pathobiologic effects of tobacco products. The purpose of this study was to characterize a(More)
Tobacco is a known cause of oral disease but the mechanism remains elusive. Nicotine (Nic) is a likely culprit of pathobiological effects because it displaces the local cytotransmitter acetylcholine from the nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) expressed by oral keratinocytes (KCs). To gain a mechanistic insight into tobacco-induced morbidity in the oral cavity, we(More)
BACKGROUND We describe a severe form of congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) associated with congenital nephrosis and ocular malformations caused by two truncating mutations in the gene encoding the laminin beta2 subunit (LAMB2). METHODS AND RESULTS Mutational analysis in the affected patient, who has a history of a serious untoward reaction to treatment(More)