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We propose a new vacuum-driven blood pump having a tubular shape with active valves. This design avoids any possible problems caused by membrane breakage, thereby minimizing the risk of gas embolic events and stagnation regions. By using active valves, it is possible to ensure better flow control and minimize pressure gradients inside and outside the pump.(More)
BACKGROUND Synchronization between the left ventricle and a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may be important for ventricular unloading and coronary perfusion. We assessed the synchrony between cardiac and LVAD cycles by increasing delays in steps of 100 msec throughout the cycle, under conditions of total and partial left ventricular support. (More)
1. Analysis of biochemical parameters were carried out on material pooled from 30 female sheep (Ovis aries ligeriensis). 2. The values determined were for the common metabolites and enzymes utilized for specific studies in general metabolism (urea, glucose, cholesterol, lipids, bilirubin, uric acid, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, GOT, GPT, LDH, LAP, CGT,(More)
We report on the first human implantation of the BCM 3.5 ventricular assist device in a 46-year-old man suffering from terminal stage cardiomyopathy. The circulatory support was used as a bridge to heart transplantation. The patient was in cardiogenic shock and was on assisted circulation for 18 days after which he underwent cardiac transplantation. While(More)
This article summarizes the current evolutions regarding artificial organs in Europe. The review emanates from the activities by four of the work groups of the European Society for Artificial Organs (ESAO) and is essentially based on the reports by these work groups at the latest ESAO meeting in Warsaw, Poland (2004). The topics are: apheresis, heart(More)
A three-valve pulsatile tubular pump was used in 10 pigs weighing 9.9+/-0.3 kg, connected to a neonatal hemofiltration (HF) circuit to analyze the parameters to determine the ultrafiltration effectiveness for venovenous continuous renal replacement therapy. Forty 30-min periods were studied to analyze the influence of the catheter diameter, purification(More)
We describe the placement of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in a pig with spontaneously occurring atrial septal defect (ASD) (incidental finding) that created a right-left cardiac shunt, with subsequent severe hypoxaemia. Early diagnosis was critical in order to prevent end-organ damage due to hypoxaemia. Adequate monitoring alerted us to the(More)
The objective of this work was to confirm the main role of elastic fibers in differing responses of certain vessels during cooling from 37 to 8 degrees C. Previous results have shown that the nature of the vessel (conduit vessel vs muscular vessel) determines the different behavior (dilatation vs contraction) of isolated vessel segments when temperature(More)
Temperature may have significant influence on vascular tone in such cases as organ preservation, coronary bypass surgery, and extracorporeal circulation. The aim of this research was to study the direct effect of temperature variation on vascular tone in an attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved. In a first series of experiments, the isometric tension(More)