Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Landa

Learn More
The administration of a relatively high dose of antidepressant drugs produces an increased neuronal firing rate of the lateral septal nucleus (LSN) in the rat and a decreased immobility in rats forced to swim. However, it is unknown whether a minimally effective low-dose 21-day treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, while(More)
Odors from amniotic fluid produce signs of calmness in mammals suggesting some anxiolytic-like properties. Experimental models, such as the defensive burying, elevated plus maze, and open field tests offer well-controlled approaches to the study of putative anxiolytic substances using rats. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, we first identified(More)
Postmenopause is mainly characterized by a reduction of ovarian hormones, which is accompanied by a major incidence of physical disorders and mood swings. Clinical and experimental evidence suggest that phytoestrogens could be used to ameliorate these alterations associated with menopause. However, the phytoestrogen effects on anxiety in rats with long-term(More)
Since allopregnanolone reduces the total time of immobility in rats submitted to the forced swimming test, we decided to explore whether this neuroactive steroid shares other antidepressant-like actions, such as increasing the neuronal firing rate in the lateral septal nucleus (LSN). In order to discard the influence of the oestrous cycle on immobility and(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) function is related to locomotor activity, while the lateral septal nucleus (LSN) is related to the motivational aspects of behavior. Thus, a dopaminergic lesion of the NAcc blocks the antiimmobility effect of desipramine (DMI) and this tricyclic increases the firing rate of the LSN; however, it is unknown whether a relation(More)
The sensorial stimulation arising from a physically stressed (PS) subject may produce emotional stress in a witnessing partner (WP). Both members of the pair develop functional changes. We tested changes in locomotor activity (crossing) and in the defensive burying test in WP, and PS adult male Wistar rats having been submitted to a single 10 min session in(More)
Allopregnanolone is a 5α-reduced metabolite of progesterone with actions on γ-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptors that produce antidepressant-like effects. However, little is known about the target brain regions that mediate its antidepressant-like effects. In this study, allopregnanolone (2.0 μg/0.3 μl/rat) or its vehicle (35% cyclodextrin solution) were(More)
The systemic or local administration of diverse antidepressants increases the neuronal firing rate of the lateral septal nucleus (LSN), whereas some stressful situations decrease its firing rate; however, any long-lasting effect exerted by the forced swimming (FS) test (15-min pretest and 5-min test 24 h later) on the firing rate of the LSN is unknown.(More)
Hypericum perforatum is an herbaceous perennial plant, also known as "St. John's wort", used popularly as a natural antidepressant. Although some clinical and experimental studies suggest it has some properties similar to conventional antidepressants, the proposed mechanism of action seems to be multiple: a non-selective blockade of the reuptake of(More)
A mixture of eight fatty acids (linoleic, palmitic, stearic, myristic, elaidic, lauric, oleic, and palmitoleic acids) at similar concentrations identified in human amniotic fluid produces anxiolytic-like effects comparable to diazepam in Wistar rats. However, individual effects of each fatty acid remain unexplored. In Wistar rats, we evaluated the separate(More)