Juan F. Martinez

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Strain BCT-7112(T) was isolated in 1966 in Japan from a survey designed to obtain naturally occurring microorganisms as pure cultures in the laboratory for use as probiotics in animal nutrition. This strain, which was primarily identified as Bacillus cereus var toyoi, has been in use for more than 30 years as the active ingredient of the preparation(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Obesity is considered a risk factor in patients with acute pancreatitis. However, the relationship between obesity and mortality in this disease has not been confirmed definitively even in a previous meta-analysis. Since the publication of our previous meta-analysis, one study has been reported about the prognostic value of obesity in acute(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Obesity has been associated with a worse prognosis in acute pancreatitis. According to some authors, obesity favours the development of local complications, while according to other reports obese patients presented more frequently systemic complications. Few studies find a relationship between obesity and mortality in acute pancreatitis. We(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a systemic inflammatory disease. It is already known that obesity and central fat distribution are related to the severity of AP, but the intimate mechanism of this relationship remains unknown. Obesity and central fat distribution are associated with an inflammatory state that could amplify the systemic(More)
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a relatively uncommon, complex and heterogeneous disease. The absence of a gold standard applicable to the initial phases of CP makes its early diagnosis difficult. Some of its complications, particularly chronic pain, can be difficult to manage. There is much variability in the diagnosis and treatment of CP and its(More)
CONTEXT Pancreatic neoplasms are an uncommon aetiology of acute pancreatitis. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours are a rare subgroup of pancreatic neoplasms. CASE REPORT We report on three patients having acute pancreatitis secondary to pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours, one of them with severe pancreatitis, and review the published cases up to now. Only(More)
UNLABELLED The circumstances that determine how acute pancreatitis (AP) becomes severe are unknown. Differences in cytokine genetic encoding may determine the severity or influence the etiology of AP. This article investigates the relationship between different polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-1 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Predicting level of fluid sequestration could help identify patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) who need more or less aggressive fluid resuscitation. We investigated factors associated with level of fluid sequestration in the first 48 hours after hospital admission in patients with AP and effects on outcome. METHODS We analyzed data(More)
The paper presents an in-depth analysis of the automatic reconfiguration and self-healing principles of the next generation (3G) smart grid of a real metropolitan distribution network. The large network is to be divided dynamically and remotely controlled into three smaller subnetworks to further increase the reliability of electrical power distribution(More)