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Iron is an essential element for plant growth and development. Iron homeostasis in plants is tightly regulated at both transcriptional and posttranscriptional level. Several bHLH transcription factors involved in iron homeostasis have been identified recently. However, their regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. In this work, we demonstrate that the(More)
The Ib subgroup of the bHLH gene family in Arabidopsis contains four members (AtbHLH38, AtbHLH39, AtbHLH100, and AtbHLH101). AtbHLH38 and AtbHLH39 were previously confirmed to interact with FER-like iron deficiency induced transcription factor (FIT), directly functioning in activation of the expression of ferric-chelate reductase FRO2 and high-affinity(More)
MapReduce has become increasingly popular as a powerful parallel data processing model. To deploy MapReduce as a data processing service over open systems such as service oriented architecture, cloud computing, and volunteer computing, we must provide necessary security mechanisms to protect the integrity of MapReduce data processing services. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To look for associations between pregnancy outcomes and prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain among Han women from Shenyang province, China. METHOD A total of 2586 women were distributed across 4 prepregnancy categories according to the Chinese classification of body mass index, and to 4 end-of-pregnancy categories according(More)
Ginkgo trees of four different ages were selected as experimental material. Telomeric restriction fragment (TRF) lengths, as an indicator of telomere length, were determined for different tissues by Southern hybridization analysis. Statistical analysis was performed to compare two aspects of TRF length. By determining TRF lengths for different tissues for(More)
The small conductance and intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels are known to be involved in the endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization. Ca(2+) entry into endothelial cells stimulates these channels, causing membrane hyperpolarization in endothelial cells and underlying smooth muscle cells. In the present study, with the use of(More)
N-methylasimilobine (1), a new-found strong acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, along with two weakly active aporphine alkaloids, nuciferine (2) and nornuciferine (3) were separated from Nelumbo nucifera. N-methylasimilobine (1) inhibited 50% of AChE activity at the concentrations of 1.5 ± 0.2 µg mL(-1) when the standard IC(50) value of Physostigmine was(More)
Autosomal-dominant spinocerebellar ataxias constitute a large, heterogeneous group of progressive neurodegenerative diseases with multiple types. To date, classical genetic studies have revealed 31 distinct genetic forms of spinocerebellar ataxias and identified 19 causative genes. Traditional positional cloning strategies, however, have limitations for(More)
Since the discovery of vitamin C, the number of its known biological functions is continually expanding. Both the names ascorbic acid and vitamin C reflect its antiscorbutic properties due to its role in the synthesis of collagen in connective tissues. Ascorbate acts as an electron-donor keeping iron in the ferrous state thereby maintaining the full(More)
Although mast cell functions have classically been related to allergic responses, recent studies indicate that these cells contribute to other common diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, aortic aneurysm and cancer. This study presents evidence that mast cells also contribute to diet-induced obesity and diabetes. For(More)