Juan D. Palacio

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD [MIM 143465]) is the most common behavioral disorder of childhood. Twin, adoption, segregation, association, and linkage studies have confirmed that genetics plays a major role in conferring susceptibility to ADHD. We applied model-based and model-free linkage analyses, as well as the pedigree disequilibrium(More)
The aim of this article was to analyze the prevalence of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Colombian "Paisa" children and adolescents. A randomized sample of 4- to 17-year-old children and adolescents--176 males and 154 females--was selected from schools in Manizales, Colombia. The diagnosis of ADHD was obtained using a semistructured(More)
In previous studies of a genetic isolate, we identified significant linkage of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to 4q, 5q, 8q, 11q and 17p. The existence of unique large size families linked to multiple regions, and the fact that these families came from an isolated population, we hypothesized that two-locus interaction contributions to ADHD(More)
OBJECTIVE Eighteen extended multigenerational families were recruited from the genetically isolated Paisa community in Colombia to conduct genetic studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This report describes the inclusion strategy and clinical features of participants to facilitate comparisons with other data sets. METHOD Families(More)
Association/linkage between dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) polymorphisms and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been suggested by case-control- and nuclear-family-based studies. Here, we present a candidate gene analysis for DRD4 using 14 extended and multigenerational families segregating ADHD derived from the 'Paisa' community of Antioquia,(More)
Genetic contribution to the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is well established. Seven independent genome-wide linkage scans have been performed to map loci that increase the risk for ADHD. Although significant linkage signals were identified in some of the studies, there has been limited replications between the various(More)
INTRODUCTION Using a shortened rating scale, the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been reported to be very higher in a Colombian population. However, these data require clinical confirmation. OBJECTIVE To confirm clinically the prevalence of ADHD in Colombian children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS A randomized(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder of childhood. Preliminary studies with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) of the brain have reported differences in brain metabolite concentration-to-Cr ratios between individuals with ADHD and unaffected controls in several frontal brain regions including(More)
Segregation analyses converge in explaining the predisposition to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as the consequence of a major gene and exclude purely environmental or cultural transmission. As a result of the ADHD phenotype restrictions, collection of extended families or design of linkage studies using families has been extremely(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbid with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD) and substance abuse/dependence seems to represent a specific subset within the phenotypic ADHD spectrum. METHODS We applied complex segregation and linkage analyses in a set of multigenerational families densely segregating(More)