Juan Contreras-Levicoy

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BACKGROUND The use of regulatory or immature dendritic cells (DCs) as tools for modulating experimental rheumatoid arthritis is very recent. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated DCs have been shown to restore tolerance in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). OBJECTIVE We investigated the capacity of short-term(More)
The positive cofactor 4 (PC4) protein has an important role in transcriptional activation, which has been proposed to be mediated by transcription factor IIA (TFIIA) and TATA-binding protein-associated factors. To test this hypothesis, we cloned the Schizosaccharomyces pombe PC4 gene and analysed the role of the PC4 protein in the stimulation of basal(More)
The use of biological agents such as etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab and anakinra has been recently approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. All are effective controlling signs and symptoms and inhibiting disease progression. To overcome the problems generated by their high costs and possible participation in reactivating latent infections,(More)
Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in the TNF-alpha gene promoter. The transition G-->A at position -308 generates the TNF-alpha1 (G/G) and TNF-alpha2 (G/A or A/A) alleles, where the polymorphic TNF-alpha2 allele is associated with a high, in vitro TNF-alpha expression and an increased susceptibility to diverse illnesses.(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional, antigen-presenting cells, which induce and regulate T cell reactivity. DCs are crucial in innate and adaptive immune responses, and are also involved in central and peripheral tolerance induction. Tolerance can be mediated by immature and semi-mature DCs expressing low levels of co-stimulator and major(More)
The region in promoters that specifies the transcription machinery is called the core promoter, displaying core promoter elements (CPE) necessary for establishment of a preinitiation complex and the initiation of transcription. A classical CPE is the TATA box. In fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, a new CPE, called HomolD box, was discovered.(More)
Background. Pharmacologically modulated dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to restore tolerance in type II collagen-(CII-) induced arthritis (CIA). We examined the effect of dexamethasone (DXM) administration as a preconditioning agent, followed by an injection of lipopolysaccharide-(LPS-) stimulated and CII-loaded DCs on the CIA course. Methods. After(More)
TATA box is the most studied core promoter element and has a well-described transcription mechanism. However, most metazoan promoters lack TATA box and contain other core promoter elements. One of such elements is HomolD box, which was first described in promoters of ribosomal protein genes in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and studies performed in this model(More)
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