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Previous data have suggested that the large nerve terminals present in the synaptosomal fraction from squid optic lobe are capable of protein synthesis (Crispino et al., 1993a,b). We have further examined this issue by comparing the translation products of synaptosomal and microsomal polysomes. Both preparations programmed an active process of translation,(More)
Ribosomes and polyribosomes were detected by immuno-electron microscopy in the giant axon and small axons of the squid using a polyclonal antibody against rat brain ribosomes. The ribosomal fraction used as antigen was purified by ultracentrifugation on a sucrose density gradient and shown to contain ribosomal RNAs and native ribosomes. The polyclonal(More)
Local protein synthesis within axons has been studied on a limited scale. In the present study, several techniques were used to investigate this synthesis in sciatic nerve, and to show that it increases after damage to the axon. Neurofilament (NF) mRNAs were probed by RT-PCR, Northern blot and in situ hybridization in axons of intact rat sciatic nerve, and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate with anxiety tests the effect of resveratrol (RSV) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse behavioral performance at the second and fourth week of treatment. Confirmed diabetic mice (>250 mg/dl of glucose in blood after STZ injection) were treated with RSV (RDM, n=12) or control treated (DM, n=12) for 4 weeks. DM(More)
The presence of Myosin Va (an actin-based molecular motor) in the peripheral nervous system was examined and its subcellular distribution within the axons of the sciatic nerve was demonstrated via immunocytochemistry. Myosin Va (M-Va) in the nerve was detected by using SDS-PAGE and Western blot techniques with a polyclonal antibody specifically raised(More)
Previous biochemical, autoradiographic, and ultrastructural data have shown that, in the synaptosomal fraction of the squid optic lobe, protein synthesis is largely due to the presynaptic terminals of the retinal photoreceptor neurons (Crispino et al. [1993a] Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 4:366-374; Crispino et al. [1993b] J. Neurochem. 61:1144-1146; Crispino et al.(More)
Synaptosomes from the optic lobes of squid (Loligo forbesi) were prepared by homogenization and allowed to settle onto glass coverslips. Synaptosomes were loaded with Ca(2+) sensitive dyes (Fura-2 AM, Calcium Green-1 AM and Calcium Green-5N AM), visualized by light microscopy and Ca(2+) sensitive fluorescence signals recorded and analyzed. With Fura-2,(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Nanotechnology approaches can overcome the side effects of chemotherapy as well as improve the efficacy of drugs. Dendrimers are nanometric size polymers which are suitable as drug delivery systems. To the best of our knowledge, studies on the application of PAMAM G4.5(More)
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