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Adaptation to a visual pattern can alter the sensitivities of neuronal populations encoding the pattern, which usually results in a visual aftereffect. However, the functional role of visual adaptation is still equivocal and its relation to visual aftereffect is largely unknown, especially for high-level visual adaptation. In this study, we took advantage(More)
The WRKY transcription factors function in plant growth and development, and response to the biotic and abiotic stresses. Although many studies have focused on the functional identification of the WRKY transcription factors, much less is known about molecular phylogenetic and global expression analysis of the complete WRKY family in maize. In this study, we(More)
Proving software free of security bugs is hard. Languages that ensure that programs correctly enforce their security policies would help, but, to date, no security-typed language has the ability to verify the enforcement of the kinds of policies used in practice—dynamic, stateful policies which address a range of concerns including forms of access control(More)
Distributed applications are difficult to program reliably and securely. Dependently typed functional languages promise to prevent broad classes of errors and vulnerabilities, and to enable program verification to proceed side-by-side with development. However, as recursion, effects, and rich libraries are added, using types to reason about programs,(More)
Adaptation to a visual pattern can alter the sensitivities of neuronal populations encoding the pattern. However, the functional roles of adaptation, especially in high-level vision, are still equivocal. In the present study, we performed three experiments to investigate if face gender adaptation could affect gender discrimination. Experiments 1 and 2(More)
Crowding, the identification difficulty for a target in the presence of nearby flankers, is ubiquitous in spatial vision and is considered a bottleneck of object recognition and visual awareness. Despite its significance, the neural mechanisms of crowding are still unclear. Here, we performed event-related potential and fMRI experiments to measure the(More)
An endophytic fungus, F-23, was isolated from the roots of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, an endangered Chinese medicinal plant. The sequence of the ITS region indicated that the isolate belongs to the genus Mycena. After 4 months of inoculation, the root systems of D. officinale that were inoculated with F-23 fungus were much larger than the(More)
This study evaluated the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on the NGF, BDNF and NT-3 expression in spared L6 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in cats subjected to bilateral removal of L1-L5 and L7-S2 DRG, using immunostaining, in situ hybridization and RT-PCR. The positive products of NGF, NT-3 protein and mRNA in the small and large neurons of spared L6 DRG in(More)