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BACKGROUND Miscarriage occurs in 10% to 15% of pregnancies. The traditional treatment, after miscarriage, has been to perform surgery to remove any remaining pregnancy tissues in the uterus. However, it has been suggested that drug-based medical treatments, or expectant care (no treatment), may also be effective, safe and acceptable. OBJECTIVES To assess(More)
Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPVs) is involved in cervical cancer (CC), a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Infection occurs primarily at the transformation zone (TZ), the most estrogen- and retinoid-sensitive region of the cervix. Development of CC affects a small percentage of HR-HPV-infected women and often(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, are serious complications that can result in significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. There is a large number of drugs, and combination of them, available to treat urinary tract infections, most of them tested in non-pregnant women. Attempts to define the optimal antibiotic(More)
BACKGROUND Caesarean section increases the risk of postpartum infection for women and prophylactic antibiotics have been shown to reduce the incidence; however, there are adverse effects. It is important to identify the most effective class of antibiotics to use and those with the least adverse effects. OBJECTIVES To determine, from the best available(More)
Fulminant hepatic failure is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. Conventional therapies are not sufficiently effective. Liver transplantation may be life saving, but a "bridge therapy" is needed until transplantation is performed. Hepatic extracorporeal xenohemodiafiltration (XHDF) is aimed at the transitory support of a(More)
BACKGROUND Validated clinical indicators of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children are scarce and none generated at moderate altitude where hypoxemic complications could be frequent and oximetry evaluation might be very efficient. METHODS A total of 158 children consecutively referred to a sleep clinic in Mexico City (2240 m) for suspected sleep(More)
Loadbearing stresses in the patellofemoral joint were studied at different degrees of flexion before and after various surgical techniques recommended to treat knee disorders. Surgical procedures intended to reduce the intensity of stress were analyzed experimentally. The study was done using different experimental methods on whole knee specimens from fresh(More)
BACKGROUND Miscarriage occurs in 10% to 15% of pregnancies. The traditional treatment, after miscarriage, has been to perform surgery to remove any remaining placental tissues in the uterus ('evacuation of uterus'). However, medical treatments, or expectant care (no treatment), may also be effective, safe and acceptable. OBJECTIVES To assess the(More)
BACKGROUND Twenty-five patients in whom a modified Fontan operation was deferred because of multiple risk factors underwent a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt. Two or more of the following risk factors were present in all: age less than 1 year, severe pulmonary artery distortion, impaired left ventricular function, subaortic obstruction, anomalous(More)
BACKGROUND Seven patients with the diagnosis of Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve were operated on. Mean age was 12 years (range, 7 to 16 years). All were cyanotic, with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Thromboembolism was not present. No associated cardiac malformations were present. METHODS Surgical repair included tricuspid annuloplasty(More)