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BACKGROUND Recent studies have described genetic mutations that affect the risk of thrombosis as a result of abnormal levels of such hemostatic parameters as protein C, protein S, and the activated protein C resistance ratio. Although these mutations suggest that genes play a part in determining variability in some hemostasis-related phenotypes, the(More)
BACKGROUND Uptake of self-testing and self-management of oral anticoagulation [corrected] has remained inconsistent, despite good evidence of their effectiveness. To clarify the value of self-monitoring of oral anticoagulation, we did a meta-analysis of individual patient data addressing several important gaps in the evidence, including an estimate of the(More)
Association studies suggest that the G20210A mutation (G to A substitution at nucleotide position 20210) in the prothrombin gene (PT) is associated with increased plasma prothrombin activity and with increased risk for venous thromboembolism. To test directly for linkage between this PT variant and plasma prothrombin activity we performed a family-based(More)
Lower levels of factor VIII and von Willebrand factor (vWF) have been reported in individuals with blood type O compared with individuals with other ABO blood types. However, this relationship has been demonstrated only by association studies and not by linkage studies. Also, it is not clear whether the ABO locus exerts a functional effect directly on these(More)
Plasma factor VIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C) level is a highly heritable quantitative trait that is strongly correlated with thrombosis risk. Polymorphisms within only 1 gene, the ABO blood-group locus, have been unequivocally demonstrated to contribute to the broad population variability observed for this trait. Because less than 2.5% of the structural(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, a novel procarboxypeptidase B-like proenzyme, called thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), has been described. It plays an important role in the delicate balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis. TAFI leads to potent inhibition of tissue plasminogen activator-induced fibrinolysis. The relevance of TAFI in(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated plasma levels of coagulation factor XI (FXI) are implicated in the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism and ischemic stroke, and polymorphisms in the F11 gene are associated both with risk of venous thromboembolism and an elevated plasma FXI level. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we report the first hypothesis-free genome-wide genetic(More)
The protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) is a hemostatic serpin with anticoagulant activity. As for antithrombin, deficiency of ZPI could have relevant thrombotic consequences. We have studied 6 genetic modifications affecting the ZPI gene, identifying 5 haplotypes. Haplotype H5 is featured by a stop codon at position 67. The relevance of these(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrinogen levels are a widely accepted risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the extent of the genetic component is unknown. MATERIALS AND RESULTS To search for these genes, we conducted a genome-wide scan using 21 Spanish families from the Genetic Analysis of Idiopathic Thrombophila (GAIT) Project. Two loci were detected: 1 on(More)
BACKGROUND Oral anticoagulation prevents strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation but, for reasons that remain unclear, less than 40% of all patients with atrial fibrillation receive warfarin. The literature postulates that patient and clinician preferences may explain this low utilization. DESIGN The proposed research seeks to answer the following(More)