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There is no pharmaceutical or definitive surgical cure for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). The naturally occurring polyphenol resveratrol exerts anti-inflammatory properties. However, its rapid metabolism diminishes its effectiveness in the colon. The design of prodrugs to targeting active molecules to the colon provides an opportunity for therapy of(More)
The mature lipI gene, encoding the lipase I from Galactomyces geotrichum BT107, was obtained by PCR from genomic DNA, sequenced and cloned into a Pichia pastoris expression vector. Clones containing multiple copies of lipI integrated in their genome were analyzed to achieve high-level expression of the recombinant lipase I. One strain with four or more(More)
SCOPE trans-Resveratrol (RES) and/(or) its metabolites exert many effects in vivo. Our aim was to study the metabolism and tissue distribution of RES using the pig, a mammal physiologically close to humans. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-seven tissues, organs and fluids were analyzed 6 h after intragastric RES administration (5.9 mg/kg body weight) using(More)
A fast, simple, and reliable method for the isolation and determination of the vitamins thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, cyanocobalamin, and ascorbic acid in food samples is proposed. The most relevant advantages of the proposed method are the simultaneous determination of the eight more common vitamins in enriched food(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study has been to investigate the dermal absorption profile of the antioxidant compounds gallic acid and hydroxytyrosol as well as their derivatives, hexanoate (hexyl gallate and hydroxytyrosol hexanoate) and octanoate (octyl gallate and octanoate derivative) alkyl esters (antioxidant surfactants). Previously, the scavenging(More)
DNA polymerase enzymes make an error only once per 10(4)-10(5) initial nucleotide insertions during DNA replication. Most currently held models of this high fidelity cite the hydrogen bonds between complementary pyrimidines and purines as a critical controlling factor. Testing this has been difficult, however, since standard molecular strategies for(More)
Metabolic and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have risen to alarming proportions, and there is a need for therapeutic and preventive measures. The polyphenol resveratrol (RES) protects against CVDs, but in vivo molecular mechanisms responsible for protection are not yet understood. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) are involved in the development(More)
Recent studies have identified amino acid side chains forming several hydrogen bonds in the DNA minor groove as potentially important in polymerase replication of DNA. Few studies have probed these interactions on the DNA itself. Using non-hydrogen-bonding nucleoside isosteres, we have now studied effects in both primer and template strands with several(More)