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Leptin, the 16-kDa protein product of the obese gene, was originally considered as an adipocyte-derived signaling molecule for the central control of metabolism. However, leptin has been suggested to be involved in other functions during pregnancy, particularly in placenta. In the present work, we studied a possible effect of leptin on trophoblastic cell(More)
Leptin (Ob), the peripheral signal produced by the adipocyte to regulate energy metabolism, can also be produced by placenta, where it may work as an autocrine hormone. Recently, we have demonstrated that leptin promotes proliferation and survival of trophoblastic cells. In the present work we aimed to study the signal transduction pathways that mediate the(More)
Prior to this work, we found that adrenal as well as extra-adrenal factors activate the response of renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 to stressful situations. These results -showing ways through which the organism hinders the pathological occupation of mineralocorticoid receptors by glucocorticoids leading to sodium retention and hypertension-(More)
In this article, we demonstrate the expression of functional progesterone binding sites at the cell membrane in murine mammary carcinomas that are stimulated by progestins and inhibited by antiprogestins. Using confocal immunofluorescence, ligand binding and cell compartment-specific western blots, we were able to identify the presence of the classical(More)
BACKGROUND Previously we showed that corticosterone and aldosterone increased proton fluxes in proximal tubule, by micropuncture and stationary microperfusion. Since the Na+/H+ exchanger is responsible for the main proximal proton secretion, we have now evaluated the effects aldosterone on Na+/H+ exchange activity in brush border vesicles. In order to(More)
The process of embryo implantation and trophoblast invasion is considered the most limiting factor in the establishment of pregnancy. Leptin was originally described as an adipocyte-derived signaling molecule for the central control of metabolism. However, it has been suggested that leptin is involved in other functions during pregnancy, particularly in the(More)
Leptin is a 16000 MW protein originally described as an adipocyte-derived signaling molecule for the central control of metabolism. However, pleiotropic effects of leptin have been identified in reproduction and pregnancy. The leptin gene is expressed in placenta, where leptin promotes proliferation and survival of trophoblast cells. Study of the major(More)
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. Some authors reported that fat accumulation correlates to systemic oxidative stress in humans and mice, but the relationship of lipid production and oxidative metabolism is still unclear. In our laboratory we used 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, which are able to(More)
Four new 6E-hydroximinosteroids (1, 2a, 3 and 4) have been synthesized from the corresponding ketones, 2β,3β-dihydroxy-5α-cholestan-6-one (5), 2α,3α-dihydroxy-5α-cholestan-6-one (6), 2β,3α-dihydroxy-5α-cholestan-6-one (7) and 2β,3α-dihydroxy-5α-cholestan-6-one-disulfate (8). The cytotoxic activity of the steroidal oximes was evaluated against two prostate(More)
The role of oxidative stress in prostate cancer has been increasingly recognised. Acute and chronic inflammations generate reactive oxygen species that result in damage to cellular structures. Haeme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has cytoprotective effects against oxidative damage. We hypothesise that modulation of HO-1 expression may be involved in the process of(More)