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Aromatase (CYP19) converts adrenal and ovarian androgens into estrogens, which supports the growth of estrogen-dependent breast cancers. Anti-aromatase agents are displacing antiestrogens as the first-line treatment for estrogen receptor positive breast cancers. Androgens can act as estrogen precursors, but besides this capability they can also directly act(More)
Our study attempts to determine the prognostic value of the quantitative measurement of the oncoprotein p185(Her-2/neu) in a group of patients with breast cancer and positive node involvement. In a series of 217 patients with breast cancer and positive nodes in whom the oncoprotein p185 was quantitatively determined by ELISA, we analyzed the(More)
The total cellular p185(HER-2/neu) protein (p185) content was measured by ELISA in 346 invasive primary breast cancers, and the results were compared with those of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cat D) content. At a cut-off level of 260 fmol/mg protein, 53 of the 346 tumors (15%) were p185-positive. A significant(More)
The present work focuses on the interaction of 17 alpha-ethinyl estrogen derivatives with the [3H]dexamethasone ([3H]DEX) binding site from male rat liver microsomes and the induction of this site by the in vivo administration of natural and synthetic estrogens. [3H]DEX binds to a single-saturating binding site (Kd = 100 nM; maximal binding = 13 pmol/mg of(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate whether microsatellite instability (MSI) predicts clinical outcome in radiation-treated endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). METHODS AND MATERIALS A consecutive series of 93 patients with EEC treated with extrafascial hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy was studied. The median clinical follow-up of patients was 138 months,(More)
AIM DNA double strand break (DSB) repair is a central cellular mechanism of the DNA damage response to maintain genomic stability. DSB components are frequently mutated in colorectal cancer with microsatellite instability (MSI). We investigated whether DSB repair is involved in endometrial cancer (EC) with MSI. METHODS Mononucleotide microsatellite tracts(More)
DNA amplification combined with the use of synthetic oligonucleotide probes has become an important tool in the identification of base substitutions. We report the use of this DNA amplification technique for the detection of mutations in beta-thalassemia. A series of oligonucleotide primers are synthesized which span the beta-globin gene; one primer is(More)
The EPH/EFN family of receptor tyrosine kinases regulates cell adhesion and migration and has an important role in controlling cell positioning in the normal intestinal epithelium. Inactivation of EPHB2 has recently been shown to accelerate tumorigenesis in the colon and rectum, and we have previously demonstrated frequent frameshift mutations (41%) in an(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) and mutations in the PTEN gene are among the molecular alterations involved in endometrial carcinogenesis. There is conflicting information regarding to their role in this type of tumor. For this reason, we have studied both molecular lesions in a large population-based series of 205 patients with sporadic endometrial(More)
Blood samples from normal adults and from members of seven families with the Swiss type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) from Yugoslavia were analyzed for their fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) and Gγ levels, while haplotyping defined the chromosomes at eight or nine polymorphic restriction sites. The data indicate that Swiss-HPFH, characterized(More)