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Aromatase (CYP19) converts adrenal and ovarian androgens into estrogens, which supports the growth of estrogen-dependent breast cancers. Anti-aromatase agents are displacing antiestrogens as the first-line treatment for estrogen receptor positive breast cancers. Androgens can act as estrogen precursors, but besides this capability they can also directly act(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate whether microsatellite instability (MSI) predicts clinical outcome in radiation-treated endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). METHODS AND MATERIALS A consecutive series of 93 patients with EEC treated with extrafascial hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy was studied. The median clinical follow-up of patients was 138 months,(More)
Our study attempts to determine the prognostic value of the quantitative measurement of the oncoprotein p185(Her-2/neu) in a group of patients with breast cancer and positive node involvement. In a series of 217 patients with breast cancer and positive nodes in whom the oncoprotein p185 was quantitatively determined by ELISA, we analyzed the(More)
AIM DNA double strand break (DSB) repair is a central cellular mechanism of the DNA damage response to maintain genomic stability. DSB components are frequently mutated in colorectal cancer with microsatellite instability (MSI). We investigated whether DSB repair is involved in endometrial cancer (EC) with MSI. METHODS Mononucleotide microsatellite tracts(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) and mutations in the PTEN gene are among the molecular alterations involved in endometrial carcinogenesis. There is conflicting information regarding to their role in this type of tumor. For this reason, we have studied both molecular lesions in a large population-based series of 205 patients with sporadic endometrial(More)
The EPH/EFN family of receptor tyrosine kinases regulates cell adhesion and migration and has an important role in controlling cell positioning in the normal intestinal epithelium. Inactivation of EPHB2 has recently been shown to accelerate tumorigenesis in the colon and rectum, and we have previously demonstrated frequent frameshift mutations (41%) in an(More)
Through the procedure of gene amplification combined with hybridization to synthetic 19 base pair (bp) oligonucleotide probes, it has been possible to identify nine different mutations in the DNA of 47 subjects from Turkey and Northern Cyprus with a beta-thalassemia homozygosity. The IVS-I nucleotide (nt) 110 G----A and the IVS-I nt 6 T----C substitutions(More)
Blood samples from normal adults and from members of seven families with the Swiss type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) from Yugoslavia were analyzed for their fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) and G gamma levels, while haplotyping defined the chromosomes at eight or nine polymorphic restriction sites. The data indicate that Swiss-HPFH,(More)
The exon 1 of the human androgen receptor (AR) gene contains two length polymorphisms of CAG (polyglutamine) and GGN (polyglycine). "In vitro" experiments suggest that the larger GGN repeats provide a lower AR-protein yield, whereas the larger CAG repeats decrease the AR transcriptional activity, both decreasing the AR signalling intensity. Here we have(More)
The human androgen receptor (AR) gene possesses 2 trinucleotide repeats of CAG and GGN in exon 1. The CAG repeat corresponds to a polyglutamine tract in the N-terminal region of the receptor, that affects its transcriptional efficiency. The GGN repeat codifies for a polyglycine tract, and affects the amount of the AR protein transcribed. The endometrium(More)