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Mitochondrial dysfunction might play a central role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aims of this study were to evaluate whether free fatty acid (FFA) transport into the mitochondria or the activity of mitochondria respiratory chain (MRC) complexes are impaired in NASH. In patients with NASH and control subjects, we measured(More)
We found a variable defect of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, ranging in severity from 25% to 63% of control values, in muscle of patients with Huntington's disease (HD). The most severe defect was observed in the patient with the greatest expansion of CAG triplets. Muscle morphology showed myopathic changes such as moth-eaten fibers,(More)
The cannabinoid receptor-1 (CNR-1) and endogenous agonists of this receptor are present in the central and peripheral nervous systems including the gastrointestinal nervous system. The surgically rejected specimens of human colorectal cancers and paired normal tissues were studied to detect mutations in the CNR1 gene by sequencing method. The results were(More)
The phenotypic manifestation of McArdle disease varies considerably from one individual to the next. The purpose of this study was to assess the possible association between the clinical severity of the disease, and each of the genotypes PYGM (R50X), ACE (I/D), AMPD1 (Q12X), PPARGC1A (G482S) and ACTN3 (R577X). We also assessed links between clinical disease(More)
McArdle disease is a metabolic myopathy due to molecular defects in the myophosphorylase gene (PYGM), usually diagnosed in muscle biopsy. The aims of this study were to characterize genetically a large series of patients and to establish a protocol of molecular diagnosis on blood samples. We studied 55 Spanish unrelated patients with McArdle disease.(More)
This paper presents an autonomous mission architecture for locating and tracking of harmful ocean debris with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Mission simulations are presented that are based on actual weather data, predicted icing conditions, and estimated UAV performance degradation due to ice accumulation. Sun position is estimated to orient search and(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess if there exists an association between C34T muscle adenosine monophosphate deaminase ( AMPD1) genotypes (i.e., normal homyzygotes [CC] vs. heterozygotes [ CT]) and directly measured indices of exercise capacity (peak oxygen uptake [VO(2peak)], ventilatory threshold [VT], gross mechanical efficiency [GE], etc.) in 44(More)
We performed a genetic analysis of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) in Spanish patients with sporadic or familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We found mutations in 2 of 11 families (18%) with ALS. In addition, 1 of the 87 sporadic ALS patients studied harbored a mutation in the same gene. We identified G37R in exon 2 of the SOD1 gene in 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To define potential pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutations in a patient with myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers (MERRF) syndrome. BACKGROUND MERRF syndrome is typically associated with point mutations in the mtDNA tRNALys gene. METHODS We performed morphologic, biochemical, and genetic analysis of muscle samples from the(More)
A child with clinical and neuroradiologic evidence of Leigh syndrome (LS) had the T-to-C transition at nt 9176 in the ATPase 6 gene of mtDNA. The mutation was homoplasmic in muscle and maternally inherited. The proband's mother had ataxia and harbored 93% of mutant genomes in blood, whereas three clinically unaffected maternal relatives had varying degrees(More)