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We attached the pathogen associated molecular pattern Kdo(2)-Lipid A (the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli (E. coli)) to QDs by hydrophobic interactions to synthetically mimic the surface of E. coli. QD-LPS conjugates bind, are taken up and activate effectively macrophages in vitro and they have potent immunostimulatory activity in vivo.
We demonstrate that QDs coated with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) bound to Ni (2+) can be used to reversibly and selectively bind, purify, and fluorescently label His 6-tagged (N-terminal) glutathione S-transferase (GST) in one step with retention of enzymatic activity. We find binding to be less effective in the absence of the His 6-tag or Ni (2+) ions.
Introducing ligand based hydrogen bond donors to increase the activity of a mononuclear Zn(II) complex for catalysing phosphate ester cleavage can be a more effective strategy than making the dinuclear analogue.
The activity of a Zn(II) complex of a tetradentate, tripodal ligand for catalyzing phosphodiester cleavage is enhanced 750-fold by introducing three hydrogen bond donors to the ligand. Inhibition studies show that the Zn-aqua complex is the kinetically active form and that it binds the transition state with a formal dissociation constant of 3 x 108 M-1. The… (More)
The catalysis of phosphoryl transfer by metal ions has been intensively studied in both biological and artificial systems, but the status of the transient pentacoordinate phosphoryl species (as transition state or intermediate) is the subject of considerable debate. We report that dinuclear metal ion complexes that incorporate second sphere hydrogen bond… (More)
The presence of second-sphere -NH(2) groups in the proximity of a zinc(ii)-bound water molecule enhances its acidity by ca. 2 pK(a) units.
New Ru(II) arene complexes of formula [(η6-p-cym)Ru(N-N)(X)]2+ (where p-cym = para-cymene, N-N = 2,2'-bipyrimidine (bpm) or 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) and X = m/p-COOMe-Py, 1-4) were synthesised and characterized, including the molecular structure of complexes [(η6-p-cym)Ru(bpy)(m-COOMe-Py)]2+ (3) and [(η6-p-cym)Ru(bpy) (p-COOMe-Py)]2+ (4) by single-crystal… (More)
The success of nanoparticle-based therapies will depend in part on accurate delivery to target receptors and organs. There is, therefore, considerable potential in nanoparticles which achieve delivery of the right drug(s) using the right route of administration to the right location at the right time, monitoring the process by non-invasive molecular… (More)
Ligands derived from the tripodal N4 ligand tris(pyridylmethyl)amine ((pyCH2)3N, tpa) of general formula (6-RNHpyCH2)nN(CH2py)(3-n)(R = H, n= 1-3 L(1-3); R = neopentyl, n= 1-3 L'(1-3)) were used to elucidate and quantify the magnitude of the effects exerted by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic environments in the zinc-water acidity of their complexes. The… (More)