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Oestradiol is important in the growth of uterine leiomyomata and may act primarily or secondarily through mediators such as growth factors, including the insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II), mitogenic peptides. IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate IGF actions at their target cells. The objective of this study was to examine the possible steroid(More)
Stromal cells derived from proliferative or secretory human endometria, cultured in the absence of steroid hormones, grew as monolayers that showed only occasional areas of immunoreactive fibronectin and did not produce detectable levels of prolactin (PRL) or laminin. Treatment with physiological doses of estradiol and progesterone induced PRL production(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is expressed in human endometrium and has been shown to play an integral role in local cellular interactions during implantation. In addition, the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and its inhibitor, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP), are crucial during implantation, mediating in vitro trophoblast penetration, and are(More)
Human endometrium regenerates on a cyclic basis from candidate stem/progenitors whose genetic programs are yet to be determined. A subpopulation of endometrial stromal cells, displaying key properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), has been characterized. The endometrial MSC (eMSC) is likely the precursor of the endometrial stromal fibroblast. The goal(More)
Peritoneal fluid (PF) lines the abdomen and pelvis and is believed to contain growth factors that stimulate endometriosis, a benign gynecological condition associated with pelvic pain and infertility, in which endometrial cells proliferate and differentiate on the pelvic peritoneum, outside of their normal location within the uterus. In this study, we(More)
The human female reproductive tract shows unique cycle-specific changes in vascularization. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a specific vascular endothelial mitogen which is produced by human endometrium and is known to be regulated by steroid hormones. Vasoconstriction during menstruation leads to endometrial hypoxia, a possible stimulus for(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) and IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) appear to play an important role in paracrine interactions at the maternal-fetal interface in human pregnancy. Patterns of expression of IGF-II and IGFBP-1 at the decidual-trophoblast interface suggest paracrine interactions occur between the IGF-II-expressing invading(More)
We have studied the interaction between growth factors and sex steroids in regulating human endometrial stromal cell growth and differentiation using an in vitro serum-free cell culture model system. None of the growth factors [epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, or(More)
Endometrial stromal cells undergo decidual transformation, in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and progesterone. Since insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are believed to be involved in endometrial differentiation, and insulin regulates IGFBP production in a variety of cells, we have investigated the modulatory(More)
In human pregnancy, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II messenger RNA (mRNA) is expressed at the maternal-fetal interface exclusively by the placental trophoblast. Highest levels are expressed by the invading extravillous trophoblasts, which also secrete matrix metalloproteinases as they degrade the decidual extracellular matrix. In contrast, the maternal(More)