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Liver cirrhosis is characterized by an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix components, including hyaluronan (HA). In addition, cirrhosis is considered a pre-neoplastic disease for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Altered HA biosynthesis is associated with cancer progression but its role in HCC is unknown. 4-Methylumbelliferone (4-MU), an orally(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third cause of cancer-related death. Fibrogenesis is an active process characterized by the production of several proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. It involves the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) which accumulate at the site of injury and are the main(More)
INTRODUCTION Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine (SPARC) is a matricellular protein involved in many biological processes and found over-expressed in cirrhotic livers. By mean of a genetic approach we herein provide evidence from different in vivo liver disease models suggesting a profibrogenic role for SPARC. METHODS Two in vivo models of liver(More)
Liver cirrhosis involves chronic wound healing and fibrotic processes. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult progenitor cells that are used as vehicles of therapeutic genes. Insulin growth factor like-I (IGF-I) was shown to counteract liver fibrosis. We aimed at analyzing the effect of applying IGF-I overexpressing mouse bone marrow-derived(More)
We have recently shown that systemic administration of low molecular weight hyaluronan (LMW HA) significantly reduces colorectal carcinoma (CRC) growth in vivo. The elicited response is partially mediated by activated dendritic cells (DC). To potentiate the ability of DC loaded with whole tumor lysate (DC/TL) to induce immunity against CRC in mice, we aimed(More)
Cirrhosis is characterized by an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix components including hyaluronic acid (HA) and is widely considered a preneoplastic condition for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 4-Methylumbelliferone (4MU) is an inhibitor of HA synthesis and has anticancer activity in an orthotopic HCC model with underlying fibrosis. Our aim(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are more often obtained from adult and extraembryonic tissues, with the latter sources being likely better from a therapeutic perspective. MSCs show tropism towards inflamed or tumourigenic sites. Mechanisms involved in MSC recruitment into tumours are comprehensively analysed, including chemoattractant signalling axes,(More)
During the last two decades, multiple immunotherapy-based strategies against cancer have been developed, with promising results. However, the efficacy of these approaches is deeply hampered by the tumor-intrinsic and tumor-extrinsic pathways that suppress effector immune responses. In fact, potent mechanisms of immunosuppression are active during tumor(More)
Immunotherapy-based strategies for gastrointestinal carcinomas (GIC) have been exploited so far, but these approaches have to face strong mechanisms of immune escape induced by tumours. We previously demonstrated that sub-therapeutic doses of an adenovirus expressing IL-12 genes (AdIL-12) mediated a potent antitumour effect against subcutaneous (s.c.)(More)