Juan Bautista Arellano

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Isolated chlorosomes of several species of filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (FAPB) and green sulfur bacteria (GSB) were examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) to characterize their topography and biometry. Chlorosomes of Chloroflexus aurantiacus, Chloronema sp., and Chlorobium (Chl.) tepidum exhibited a smooth surface, whereas those of Chl.(More)
Time-resolved, laser-induced changes in absorbance, delta A(lambda; t), have been recorded with a view to probing pigment-pigment interactions in chlorosomes (control as well as carotenoid-depleted) and artificial aggregates of bacteriochlorophyll e (BChle). Control chlorosomes were isolated from Chlorobium phaeobacteroides strain CL1401, whose chromophores(More)
Previously, the spatial arrangement of the carotenoid and bacteriochlorophyll molecules in the peripheral light-harvesting (LH2) complex from Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 10050 has been determined at high resolution. Here, we have time resolved the energy transfer steps that occur between the carotenoid's initial excited state and the lowest energy(More)
We have studied the effect of the absence of carotenoids on the organization of bacteriochlorophylls (BChls) in chlorosomes of Chlorobium (Chl.) phaeobacteroides strain CL1401. Carotenoid-depleted chlorosomes were obtained by means of 2-hydroxybiphenyl-supplemented cultures. In the presence of the inhibitor, isorenieratene (Isr) and beta-Isr biosynthesis(More)
We have determined the molar extinction coefficient of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) e, the main light-harvesting pigment from brown-coloured photosynthetic sulfur bacteria. The extinction coefficient was determined using pure [Pr,E]BChl eF isolated by reversed-phase HPLC from crude pigment extracts of Chlorobium (Chl.) phaeobacteroides strain CL1401. The(More)
EPR spectroscopy was applied to investigate the inhibition of electron transport in photosystem II by Cu2+ ions. Our results show that Cu2+ has inhibitory effects on both the donor and the acceptor side of photosystem II. In the presence of Cu2+, neither EPR signal IIvery fast nor signal IIfast, which both reflect oxidation of tyrosinez, could be induced by(More)
Peroxynitrite is a strong oxidant that has been proposed to form in chloroplasts. The interaction between peroxynitrite and photosystem II (PSII) has been investigated to determine whether this oxidant could be a hazard for PSII. Peroxynitrite is shown to inhibit oxygen evolution in PSII membranes in a dose-dependent manner. Analyses by PAM fluorimetry and(More)
The role of carotenoids in chlorosomes of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium phaeobacteroides, containing bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) e and the carotenoid (Car) isorenieratene as main pigments, was studied by steady-state fluorescence excitation, picosecond single-photon timing and femtosecond transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy. In order to obtain(More)
We report the high-resolution structure of the spinach PsbQ protein, one of the main extrinsic proteins of higher plant photosystem II (PSII). The crystal structure shows that there are two well-defined regions in PsbQ, the C-terminal region (residues 46-149) folded as a four helix up-down bundle and the N-terminal region (residues 1-45) that is loosely(More)
Multichannel flash spectroscopy (with microsecond time resolution) has been applied to carotenoid (Car)-containing and Car-less reaction centers (RC) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides with a view to investigate the interaction between the Car and its neighboring pigments at room temperature. Under neutral redox potential conditions, where the primary quinone(More)