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The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide and astrogliosis in early stages of Abeta toxicity. In Wistar rats, anaesthetised with equitesine, a single microinjection of Abeta1-42 oligomers was placed into the retrosplenial cortex. Control animals were injected with Abeta42-1 peptide into the corresponding(More)
We conducted a case-control study searching for a possible role of environment in the risk of essential tremor (ET). We interviewed 142 ET patients and 284 age- and sex-matched controls about a family history of ET, exposure to environmental products containing lead, mercury, manganese, solvents and beta-carbolines, and exposure to agricultural work, well(More)
Despite growing evidence indicating the effects of cytokines, including interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in Alzheimer's diseases, little is known about the signalling mechanisms that mediate its activation in response to beta-amyloid protein (Aβ). The aim of this study was first to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the orbital structures and to establish correlations with disease activity and severity in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism and orbitopathy (GO) using short-tau inversion-recovery (STIR) sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS Observational, cross-sectional, case-control study. Twenty-eight patients with euthyroid(More)
Sequencing data from Plasmodium ovale genotypes co-circulating in multiple countries support the hypothesis that P. ovale curtisi and P. ovale wallikeri are 2 separate species. We conducted a multicenter, retrospective, comparative study in Spain of 21 patients who had imported P. ovale curtisi infections and 14 who had imported P. ovale wallikeri(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate visual pathway structure and function in patients with clinical isolated syndrome (CIS) by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and multifocal visual-evoked potentials (mfVEP), predicting CIS conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS This observational, longitudinal study assessed the eyes(More)
Cortical cholinergic dysfunction has been correlated with the expression and processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein. However, it remains unclear as to how cholinergic dysfunction and beta-amyloid (Abeta) formation and deposition might be related to one another. Since the M1- and M2 subtypes of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) are considered(More)
The effects of the injected beta-amyloid (Abeta) protein on the alpha7 subtype of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor protein (alpha7nAChR) in the hippocampus were studied in rats. Injections of Abeta into the retrosplenial cortex resulted in a decrease in alpha7nAChR-immunoreactivity in the hippocampus. Quantitative analysis revealed a significant reduction(More)
AIMS The deposition of amyloid peptides (A beta) in the cortex and hippocampus is the primary trigger of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies also indicated that the M2 subtype of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M2mAChR) may be a key molecule involved in cognitive dysfunction. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE To objectively evaluate the visual function, and the relationship between disability and optic nerve dysfunction, in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and optic neuritis (ON), using multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEP). METHODS This observational, cross-sectional study assessed 28 consecutive patients with clinically definite MS,(More)