Juan Antonio García-Velasco

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CONTEXT Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic complication of treatment with fertility drugs. It is characterized by increased vascular permeability and simultaneous overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in ovarian cells. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the endothelium and endothelial cell-to-cell(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) typically occurs when ovaries are primed with FSH/LH and subsequently exposed to hCG. The ultimate pathophysiological step underlying this clinical picture is increased vascular permeability (VP). METHODS A search of the literature was carried out using PubMed and the authors' files. RESULTS In rodents(More)
We have developed a coculture system with autologous human endometrial epithelial cells (AEEC) that retained many features of human endometrial epithelium. Implantation failure (IF; >3 previous cycles failed with 3-4 good quality embryos transferred) is a distressing condition in which 2-day embryo transfer repetition is the routine option. The objective of(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic complication of ovarian stimulation, and the pathophysiological mechanisms that trigger the syndrome remain unknown. HCG increases serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations, and VEGF modulates transendothelial permeability via endothelial adherens junctions, a(More)
BACKGROUND Luteinizing hormone (LH) activity in human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) preparations is derived from human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) rather than LH. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether there are similarities in the endocrine and follicular profiles of serum and follicular fluid from controlled ovarian stimulation with the recombinant(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) seems to be induced by the ovarian release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which increases vascular permeability. Dopamine agonists inhibit VEGF receptor phosphorylation and thereby decrease vascular permeability. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study(More)
BACKGROUND The potentially detrimental role of progesterone during the follicular phase has been a matter of controversy for several years; however, few studies have analyzed the effects of combined raised estradiol and progesterone levels on pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of high progesterone levels on(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform a cost-effectiveness evaluation comparing the originator follitropin alfa (Gonal-f®) to the biosimilar (Bemfola®) in the Italian and Spanish contexts, with an assessment of the German and UK backgrounds. METHODS Starting from the study by Rettenbacher et al, a cost-effectiveness model was developed in the Italian and Spanish(More)
BACKGROUND Adenomyosis is linked to infertility, but the mechanisms behind this relationship are not clearly established. Similarly, the impact of adenomyosis on ART outcome is not fully understood. Our main objective was to use ultrasound imaging to investigate adenomyosis prevalence and severity in a population of infertile women, as well as specifically(More)
A rapid development and application of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and ovulation-induction drugs may lead to ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS). Young age, low body mass index (BMI), polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), previous OHSS, high follicle count, and elevated serum estradiol (E2) are the certain factors that predispose women to(More)