Juan Antonio Collado

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The distribution and cytological characters of physiological cell death associated with formation of the lens vesicle in the chick embryo was studied by means of vital staining, light and electron microscopy. We have established a constant pattern of cell death which differs in some aspects from that reported for mammals and amphibians. The necrotic process(More)
The pancreas is highly susceptible to the oxidative stress induced by ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury leading to the generation of acute pancreatitis. Melatonin has been shown to be useful in the prevention of the damage by ischemia-reperfusion in liver, brain, myocardium, gut and kidney. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cytoprotective properties(More)
This paper evaluates the effects of testosterone (0.5 mg/kg subcutaneously (s.c.) for 8 days) on oxidative stress and cell damage induced by 3-nitropropionic acid (20 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 4 days) in ovariectomized rats. Gonadectomy triggered oxidative damage and cell loss, evaluated by the detection of caspase-3, whereas 3-nitropropionic acid(More)
The anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin have been extensively investigated, identifying prostaglandin E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), key enzymes linking inflammation with cancer, as high affinity targets. A comparative structure-activity study revealed three modifications dissecting mPGES-1/5-LO inhibition, namely(More)
An expeditious strategy to resolve turmerone, the lipophilic anti-inflammatory principle of turmeric (Curcuma longa), into its individual bisabolane constituents (ar-, α-, and β-turmerones, 2-4, respectively) was developed. The comparative evaluation of these compounds against a series of anti-inflammatory targets (NF-κB, STAT3, Nrf2, HIF-1α) evidenced(More)
The effect of carvedilol on oxidative and cell damage induced by okadaic acid in N1E-115 cells were studied. The effects of okadaic acid were evaluated as changes in: the quantity of lipid peroxidation products, protein carbonyl groups, reduced glutathione content (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and total lactate(More)
Cerebral microvascular endothelial cells play an active role in maintaining cerebral blood flow, microvascular tone and blood brain barrier (BBB) functions. Endogenous N-acyl-dopamines like N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) and N-oleoyl-dopamine (OLDA) have been recently identified as a new class of brain neurotransmitters sharing endocannabinoid and(More)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) has demonstrated antioxidant activity and gene-regulatory properties. d-Galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced cell death is mediated by nitric oxide in hepatocytes, and it is associated with hepatic steatosis. The beneficial properties of alpha-tocopherol and their relation to oxidative stress and gene regulation were assessed in(More)
Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has converted HIV into a chronic disease, a reservoir of HIV latently infected resting T cells prevents the eradication of the virus from patients. To achieve eradication, HAART must be combined with drugs that reactivate the dormant viruses. We examined this problem in an established model of HIV(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) participates in the cell death induced by d-Galactosamine (d-GalN) in hepatocytes, and NO-derived reactive oxygen intermediates are critical contributors to protein modification and hepatocellular injury. It is anticipated that S-nitrosation of proteins will participate in the mechanisms leading to cell death in d-GalN-treated human(More)