Juan Altarriba

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Variance components were estimated for litter size in Rasa Aragonesa sheep, a meat breed from northern Spain, to determine whether selective breeding for litter size is a reasonable strategy to improve reproductive performance. We assumed an animal mixed effect threshold model with a binary response variable. Marginal estimates of the genetic parameters(More)
A simulation study was conducted to study frequentist properties of three estimators of the variance component in a mixed effect binary threshold model. The three estimators were: the mode of a normal approximation to the marginal posterior distribution of the component, which is denoted in the literature as marginal maximum likelihood (MML); the mean of(More)
Current selection schemes for livestock improvement use a wide variety of phenotypic traits. Some of them, such as sensory, type, or carcass traits, obtain their records from subjective grading performed by trained technicians. Data from this subjective evaluation usually involve classification under a categorical and arbitrary predefined scale, whose(More)
The genetic structure of eight Spanish autochthonous populations (breeds) of beef cattle were studied from pedigree records. The populations studied were: Alistana and Sayaguesa (minority breeds), Avileña - Negra Ibérica and Morucha ("dehesa" breeds, with a scarce incidence of artificial insemination), and mountain breeds, including Asturiana de los Valles,(More)
Epigenetics has become one of the major areas of biological research. However, the degree of phenotypic variability that is explained by epigenetic processes still remains unclear. From a quantitative genetics perspective, the estimation of variance components is achieved by means of the information provided by the resemblance between relatives. In a(More)
The bovine transferrin gene (TF) is located at 125 cM on bovine chromosome 1 (BTA1); it codes for transferrin, a glycoprotein that is highly conserved in many species and that is responsible for iron transport. The TF gene has been located in several QTL regions, and some transferrin classes have been associated with fat and milk yields. We analyzed by(More)
Mixed models are commonly used for the estimation of variance components and genetic evaluation of livestock populations. Some evaluation models include two types of additive genetic effects, direct and maternal. Estimates of variance components obtained with models that account for maternal effects have been the subject of a long-standing controversy about(More)
Survival or longevity is an economically relevant trait in cattle. However, it is not currently included in cattle selection criteria because of the delayed recording of phenotypic data and the high computational demand of survival techniques under proportional hazard models. The identification of longevity-correlated traits that can be early registered in(More)
Procedures for the detection of signatures of selection can be classified according to the source of information they use to reject the null hypothesis of absence of selection. Three main groups of tests can be identified that are based on: (1) the analysis of the site frequency spectrum, (2) the study of the extension of the linkage disequilibrium across(More)
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