Juan Alberto Marchal

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Long interspersed nuclear elements (L1 or LINE-1) are the most abundant and active retroposons in the mammalian genome. Traditionally, the bulk of L1 sequences have been explained by the 'selfish DNA' hypothesis; however, recently it has been also argued that L1s could play an important role in genome and gene organizations. The non-random chromosomal(More)
Arvicolid rodents present both synaptic and asynaptic sex chromosomes. We analyzed the pairing behaviour of sex chromosomes in two species belonging to this rodent group (Microtus nivalis and Arvicola sapidus). At pachynema, the sex chromosomes of both species paired in a small region while the rest remain unsynapsed. Consequently at metaphase I, sex(More)
BACKGROUND The Erythrinidae fish family is characterized by a large variation with respect to diploid chromosome numbers and sex-determining systems among its species, including two multiple X1X2Y sex systems in Hoplias malabaricus and Erythrinus erythrinus. At first, the occurrence of a same sex chromosome system within a family suggests that the sex(More)
The genus Microtus presents several species with extremely large sex chromosomes that contain large blocks of constitutive heterochromatin. Several cytogenetic and molecular studies of the repetitive sequences in species of the genus Microtus have demonstrated that the heterochromatin is highly heterogeneous. We have cloned and characterized a family of(More)
Sex chromosomes in species of the genus Microtus present some characteristic features that make them a very interesting group to study sex chromosome composition and evolution. M. cabrerae and M. agrestis have enlarged sex chromosomes (known as 'giant sex chromosomes') due to the presence of large heterochromatic blocks. By chromosome microdissection, we(More)
In most mammals, the Y chromosome is composed of a large amount of constitutive heterochromatin. In some Microtus species, this feature is also extended to the X chromosome, resulting in enlarged (giant) sex chromosomes. Several repeated DNA sequences have been described in the gonosomal heterochromatin of these species, indicating that it has heterogeneous(More)
C-banding techniques detect the presence of constitutive heterochromatin, which is usually located in centromeric regions of chromosomes in the majority of analysed species. The common method for C-banding used over the last 30 years involves treatment with a mild alkali barium hydroxide 5% Ba(OH)2 at 50 degrees C for 5-15 min and subsequent incubation in(More)
The SRY gene is a single-copy, male-specific gene, located on the Y chromosome in most mammals. However, recently we have described the presence of multiple polymorphic copies of this gene in both males and females of the vole species Microtus cabrerae. Here, we present the chromosomal localization of SRY gene copies in this species by fluorescent in situ(More)
In the rodent species Microtus cabrerae, males as well as females present several copies of the SRY gene, a single-copy gene located on the Y chromosome in most mammals. Using different PCR approaches, we have characterized the sequence, structure, and organization of the SRY copies and their flanking regions distributed on the X and Y chromosomes of this(More)
The Arvicolidae is a widely distributed rodent group with several interesting characteristics in their sex chromosomes. Here, we summarize the actual knowledge of some of these characteristics. This mammalian group has species with abnormal sex determination systems. In fact, some species present the same karyotype in both males and females, with total(More)