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BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance dialysis therapy have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease (CVD). A similar finding is noted in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The important contributors are premature and accelerated atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. We assessed the(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that contraction of the LA wall could be documented by speckle tracking and could be applied for assessment of LA function. This study tried to identify the association between LA longitudinal strain (LAS) and strain rate (LASR) measured by speckle tracking with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). METHODS Fifty-two patients(More)
Analysis of short-term heart rate variability (HRV) may provide useful information about autonomic nervous control of heart rate recovery. We studied 495 individuals (273 men), age range 19–85 years, submitted to treadmill exercise tests and short-term HRV evaluations over time (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal interval [SDNN], the square root of(More)
BACKGROUND Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Oral supplements of l-arginine have been found to improve endothelial function. However, the effects of supplements of l-arginine on the influences of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia were not studied before. METHODS Forty young healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is correlated with cardiovascular risk. This study presents a new method for measuring the arterial PWV by simultaneously recording the digital volume pulse through the finger and the toe by way of dual-channel photoplethysmography (PPG). METHODS In this study, 100 asymptomatic subjects (54 men and 46 women, 19 to 64(More)
Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker for target organ damage in essential hypertension. Both serum uric acid (UA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were reported to be associated with target organ damage. However, the influences of UA and CRP on large arterial stiffness were not well elucidated. This study included 200 essential hypertension(More)
OBJECTIVE One potential mechanism through which obesity exerts adverse effects on the vascular system is by increasing aortic stiffness, a change known to be predictive of increased cardiovascular mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology that links obesity to aortic stiffening. APPROACH AND RESULTS Obese (ob/ob) mice were(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid arterial stiffness measured by techniques of speckle tracking echocardiography is helpful to assess vascular wall deformation. We conducted a study to investigate the relationship between vascular deformation of the carotid artery and ischemic stroke in the elderly. METHODS We recruited 89 consecutive individuals aged ≥60 years (mean(More)
Much concern has arisen regarding critical adverse effects of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), including rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, on cardiac tissue. Although TZD-induced cardiac hypertrophy (CH) has been attributed to an increase in plasma volume or a change in cardiac nutrient preference, causative roles have not been established. To test the hypothesis(More)