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IMPORTANCE We observed a significant correlation between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of tau proteins and α-synuclein, but not β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42), and lower concentration of CSF biomarkers, as compared with healthy controls, in a cohort of entirely untreated patients with Parkinson disease (PD) at the earliest stage of the disease studied so far.(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects on the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) of genetic polymorphisms in P-glycoprotein (PGP) and the metabolic enzymes cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3). We analyzed five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 93 cancer-free volunteers and 111 patients(More)
AIMS We investigated the mechanism by which cannabinoid receptors-1 (CB1) and -2 (CB2) modulate inflammatory activities of macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed the predominant CB2 expression in freshly isolated human monocytes. PMA, a potent inducer of differentiation, upregulated CB1 and increased CB1:CB2 transcript(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past 2 decades, clinical studies have provided evidence that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid β(1-42) (Aβ(1-42)), total τ (t-τ), and τ phosphorylated at Thr181 (p-τ(181)) are reliable biochemical markers of Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathology. CONTENT In this review, we summarize the clinical performance and describe the major(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modifies the functions of a variety of proteins containing cysteine thiols or transition-metal centers, particularly by S-nitrosylation. In inflamed liver, NO is overproduced and hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, the flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) and cytochrome P450s (CYPs), are suppressed. However, the NO-related mechanisms(More)
Currently, obesity is considered a systemic inflammation; however, the effects of obesity on the vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons to oxidative stress are not fully defined. We evaluated the effects of high-fat diet-induced obesity (HF DIO) on neurotoxicity in mice treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Eight weeks after a HF(More)
The development of biomarkers to predict the progression of Parkinson’s disease (PD) from its earliest stage through its heterogeneous course is critical for research and therapeutic development. The Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) study is an ongoing international multicenter, prospective study to validate biomarkers in drug-naïve PD(More)
The xMAP-Luminex multiplex platform for measurement of Alzheimer's disease (AD) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers using Innogenetics AlzBio3 immunoassay reagents that are for research use only has been shown to be an effective tool for early detection of an AD-like biomarker signature based on concentrations of CSF Aβ(1-42), t-tau and p-tau(181). Among(More)
Mitotic catastrophe provokes endopolyploidy, giant cell formation and, eventually, delayed cell death. Mitotic catastrophe is induced by defective cell cycle checkpoints and by some anticancer drugs, ionizing radiation and microtubule-destabilizing agents. RAD2 is a yeast homologue of XPG, which is a human endonuclease involved in nucleotide excision(More)