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Several metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes have been identified in the cerebellar cortex that are targeted to different compartments in cerebellar cells. In this study, preembedding immunocytochemical methods for electron microscopy were used to investigate the subcellular distribution of the mGluR1b splice variant in the rat cerebellar(More)
Antibodies were raised against C-terminal peptides of the splice variants a, b and c of the rat mGluR1 metabotropic glutamate receptor. Affinity purified antibodies each specifically reacting with mGluR1a, mGluR1b and mGluR1c were used to study the cellular localization of these receptors in rat cerebellum. The mGluR1a antibody strongly labelled Purkinje(More)
A preembedding immunocytochemical method for light microscopy was used to study the postnatal development of expression of the group III metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR4a in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) of the rat. Immunoreactivity for mGluR4a was localized in axonal endings wrapping the principal globular neurons in MNTB, known as(More)
Studies indicate that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) may play a role in spinal sensory transmission. We examined the cellular and subcellular distribution of the mGluR subtype 4a in spinal tissue by means of a specific antiserum and immunocytochemical techniques for light and electron microscopy. A dense plexus of mGluR4a-immunoreactive elements(More)
The position of neurotransmitter receptors relative to active neurotransmitter release sites may be a major factor influencing neuronal responses. The location of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype mGluR2/3 was investigated in synaptic structures in the rat superficial spinal dorsal horn laminae by using a pre-embedding immunogold technique.(More)
We report in this study with a pre-embedding immunogold method, the clustering of the group III metabotropic glutamate receptor 4a (mGluR4a) along the presynaptic membrane of parallel fiber synaptic terminals in the cerebellar molecular layer. The mGluR4a clusters were homogeneously distributed and interspaced by about 60 nm. These results suggest a(More)
We used affinity purified antisera specific for group II metabotropic glutamate receptors in combination with a pre-embedding immunocytochemical method for light microscopy to investigate the localization of mGluR2/3 receptors in the enteric nervous system of the rat small intestine. In the submucosal plexuses of the jejunum and ileum, strongly mGluR2/3(More)
The mGluR1 metabotropic glutamate receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor that exists as different C-terminal splice variants. When expressed in mammalian cells, the mGluR1 splice variants exhibit diverse transduction mechanisms and also slightly differ in their apparent agonist affinities. In the present study, we used an affinity-purified antiserum,(More)
We explored the ability of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, which prevents nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, to block T-cell activation, proliferation, and survival within alloreactive compared with resting T cells. For this purpose, T cells were stimulated with PHA, alphaCD3/alphaCD28, or allogeneic dendritic cells or through mixed(More)
The existence of a neuronal-glial signalling through the activation of neurotransmitter receptors expressed in glia is well-documented. In excitatory synapses, glutamate released from presynaptic terminals activates not only postsynaptic receptors, but also ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors localized in the glia ensheathing the synapses. The(More)