Jr-yuan George Chiou

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Application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques reveals that human brain aging varies across cortical regions. One area particularly sensitive to normal aging is the frontal lobes. In vitro neuropathological studies and behavioral measures in a canine model of aging previously suggested that the frontal lobes of the dog might be sensitive to(More)
Cognitive impairment resulting from disruption of cholinergic function may occur through modulation of cerebrovascular volume (CBV). In the present study, dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI) was used to examine cerebrovascular volume in young and old dogs during baseline and after administration of a cholinergic antagonist(More)
Longitudinal changes in cortical atrophy, ventricular enlargement, and lesion development in serial MRI scans collected from 47 healthy dogs from 1999 (8-11 years old) to 2002 (11-14 years old) were studied. The first method involved manual region of interest volumetric analysis to examine changes in cerebral and ventricular volume during the three years.(More)
PURPOSE High angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) is a well-established method to help reveal the architecture of nerve bundles, but long scan times and geometric distortions inherent to echo planar imaging (EPI) have limited its integration into clinical protocols. METHODS A fast imaging method is proposed here that combines accelerated multishot(More)
Application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques reveals that human brain aging varies across cortical regions. One area particularly sensitive to normal aging is the frontal lobes. In vitro neuropathological studies and behavioral measures in a canine model of aging previously suggested that the frontal lobes of the dog might be sensitive to(More)
PURPOSE To combine MRI, ultrasound, and computer science methodologies toward generating MRI contrast at the high frame rates of ultrasound, inside and even outside the MRI bore. METHODS A small transducer, held onto the abdomen with an adhesive bandage, collected ultrasound signals during MRI. Based on these ultrasound signals and their correlations with(More)
Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging provides excellent image quality at a high cost and low frame rate. Ultrasound (US) provides poor image quality at a low cost and high frame rate. We propose an instance-based learning system to obtain the best of both worlds: high quality MR images at high frame rates from a low cost single-element US sensor. Concurrent US(More)
PURPOSE To reduce image distortion in MR diffusion imaging using an accelerated multi-shot method. METHODS The proposed method exploits the fact that diffusion-encoded data tend to be sparse when represented in the kb-kd space, where kb and kd are the Fourier transform duals of b and d, the b-factor and the diffusion direction, respectively. Aliasing(More)
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