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In mountainous regions, climate warming is expected to shift species' ranges to higher altitudes. Evidence for such shifts is still mostly from revisitations of historical sites. We present recent (2001 to 2008) changes in vascular plant species richness observed in a standardized monitoring network across Europe's major mountain ranges. Species have moved(More)
The surface properties of Fe-rich ferromagnetic Fe-Cr alloys are investigated using a first-principles quantum-mechanical method. In dilute alloys, the surfaces are dominated by Fe, whereas the Cr-containing surfaces become favorable when the bulk Cr concentration exceeds the limit of ∼ 10 atomic per cent. The abrupt change in the surface behavior is the(More)
Pines, used for sand dune stabilization, can influence the hydrophysical parameters and water flow in an aeolian sandy soil considerably, mainly due to soil water repellency. Two sites, separated by distance of about 20 m, formed the basis of our study. A control soil (“Pure sand“) with limited impact of vegetation or organic matter was formed at 50 cm(More)
OBJECTIVE Five different calliper methods for assessing the degree of carotid artery stenosis and visual estimation ("eyeballing") of postmortem carotid arteriograms were compared with the planimetric gold standard of the area reduction at the site of the stenosis. METHODS During autopsy 53 carotid specimens were removed in toto from 31 neurological(More)
The quantitative and systematic analysis of embryonic cell dynamics from in vivo 3D+time image data sets is a major challenge at the forefront of developmental biology. Despite recent breakthroughs in the microscopy imaging of living systems, producing an accurate cell lineage tree for any developing organism remains a difficult task. We present here the(More)
We present a self-consistent electronic structure calculation method based on the Exact Muffin-Tin Orbitals (EMTO) Theory developed by The EMTO Theory can be considered as an improved screened KKR (Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker) method which is able to treat large overlapping potential spheres. Within the present implementation of the EMTO Theory the one electron(More)
Because of the increased electron density within the surface layer, metal surfaces are generally expected to have tensile surface stress. Here, using first-principles density functional calculations, we demonstrate that in magnetic 3d metals surface magnetism can alter this commonly accepted picture. We find that the thermodynamically stable surfaces of(More)
First-principles phase diagrams of bismuth-stabilized GaAs- and InP(100) surfaces demonstrate for the first time the presence of anomalous (2x1) reconstructions, which disobey the common electron counting principle. Combining these theoretical results with our scanning-tunneling-microscopy and photoemission measurements, we identify novel (2x1) surface(More)
Lipid and apolipoprotein serum levels as a consequence of excessive nutrition in the overweight individuals with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) in comparison with the obese ones are studied only sporadically. In this study, the effect of overweight and obesity in subjects with FCHL on serum lipids and apolipoproteins was investigated. The(More)
An overview of the pressure, temperature and chemical composition dependence of the lattice distortion in orthorhombic ABO(3) perovskite structures is presented. Within the framework of the so-called global parametrization method (GPM) [Thomas (1998). Acta Cryst. B54, 585--599] an improved description for the position of the A cation in terms of the AO(12)(More)